Dear Fellow Shareholders,
The FPA Queens Road Small Cap Value Fund (“Fund”) returned -11.46% in the second quarter of 2022. This compares to a -15.28% return for the Russell 2000 Value Index in the same period. For the year-to-date period, through June 30, 2022, the Fund returned -9.15% v -16.28% for the Russell 2000 Value Index. The Fund’s outperformance versus the index during this most recent downturn is in line with our expectations. During times of market weakness, we expect to outperform in down markets and trail somewhat in robust markets as a result of our diligent, disciplined, and patient investment process.
We think of our investment process as having four pillars:
- Balance Sheet strength –Seek companies with strong balance sheets. We are not comfortableowning companies with significant liabilities (debt, legal, regulatory, pension, or something inherent in the business model) that could cause insolvency concerns when there’s an economic, financial, or other type of crisis. We want to ensure we are invested in companies with staying power.
- Valuation - Normalize economic earnings over full market cycles. Primarily using free cash flowdiscount valuation models. Require a margin of safety.
- Management -Evaluate management’s track record of laying out a long-term strategy and executingit to achieve their stated objectives.
- Sector and Industry analysis - We want to own companies in growing industries with stablecompetitive dynamics and favorable economics. Avoid commodity industries, overly competitive industries, and invest in companies that compete in industries that have long-term growth expectations.
For the second quarter of 2022, the Fund’s outperformance was broad-based by industry and company, resulting from our structured process rather than hitting a small number of home runs.
However, the Fund’s overweight position in Synaptics was a large detractor for the quarter. Synaptics is a long-term holding and was a large contributor to 2021 performance. As the valuation stretched, we trimmed the position in late 2021 and early 2022. In addition, we have been taking advantage of the recent volatility to buy back shares at significantly lower prices.1
Another item that negatively impacted performance during the first half was the portfolio’s lack of energy stocks. While we maintain an allocation to companies servicing the oil and gas industry, we do not currently have any direct energy holdings. With the Russell 2000 Value energy sector up over the first half, this has detracted from the Fund’s performance. We typically seek to avoid commodity exposure as we have little ability to predict commodity prices. Furthermore, we think the energy industry historically has had low returns on capital and poor shareholder economics. With the environmental debate over fossil fuels underway, we believe the long-term economics of the industry are going to deteriorate, despite the recent runup in oil prices, which we think is primarily due to geopolitical issues. As a result, we prefer to look for high-quality franchises with differentiated products with pricing power.
Trailing 12 Months (TTM) Contributors
- ServisFirst Bancshares (SFBS, Financial), a branch-light commercial bank focused on the Southeast, continues to growat a high double-digit rate. They are adding bankers and loan losses remain low.3 SFBS’s differentiated model, investing in people over branches, allows them to have best-in-class efficiency metrics while maintaining a conservative lending culture.
- South Jersey Industries (SJI, Financial) shares rose 40% on Feb. 24, 2022, on news that Infrastructure Investment Funds, a private equity fund managed by JP Morgan Investment Management, would take the company private. The deal is scheduled to close in the fourth quarter of 2022.4
- American Equity Investment Life Holding Company (AEL, Financial), a leading writer of fixed index annuities, hascontinued to transition to its American Equity Investment (AEL, Financial) 2.0 business model. The plan’s main goals are to diversify the company’s assets into a broader array of investments, including private debt through strategic partnerships, and to increase its use of reinsurance to free up capital. We think this is an interesting, but somewhat aggressive plan. Thus far, the results have been impressive, but we continue to monitor the credit quality of their assets as they move toward achieving their target of having 40% of their portfolio invested in private assets, up from 15.4%.5
- CSG Systems (CSGS, Financial) offers customer service and revenue management software and services, primarily tothe telecom industry. Revenue is mostly recurring and non-cyclical. The company continues to diversify its customer base, grow organically, and return cash to shareholders. They recently confirmed 2022 guidance.6
- RLI Corp (RLI, Financial) is an Illinois-based specialty insurer with a conservative underwriting culture that routinelyputs up a market-leading industry metrics. We think the 9% insider ownership and unique use of the employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) helps align incentives and protect against losses.7
Trailing 12 Months (TTM) Detractors
- MasTec, Inc. (MTZ, Financial) is a specialty engineering and construction firm that builds and services oil & gaspipelines, telecom, renewable energy, and electric utility infrastructure. Founder operators Jorge and Jose Mas own 20% of the company and have done a great job growing the company by rolling up smaller competitors at attractive prices.8 Share price performance over the last year suffered due to overly optimistic expectations for federal infrastructure stimulus.
- PVH Corp. (PVH, Financial) owns the Tommy Hilfiger and Calvin Klein brands globally. Approximately two-thirds ofprofits comes from its International segment, where Tommy in particular has a premium positioning, strong same store sales growth and demonstrated pricing power.9 Shares are down with other fashion and apparel names as investors worry about inventory levels and economic headwinds for consumer spending.
- Mativ Holdings (MATV, Financial) (previously Schweitzer-Mauduit) is a specialty paper and materials maker that hasstruggled with supply chain issues and cost inflation. In March, the company agreed to an all-stock combination with Neenah, a specialty paper company we had previously researched. We are evaluating the deal.
- Oshkosh Corp. (OSK, Financial) makes trucks and specialty vehicles in four segments: Access Equipment (aerial workplatforms and telehandlers), Defense, Fire and Safety, and Commercial. The company has suffered from component shortages and supply chain issues, but we think it has generally performed well otherwise. We remain positive on the company’s long-term prospects.
- TD Synnex (SNX, Financial), the largest electronics distributor globally, was formed last year from the merger of TechData and Synnex. With the merger, the valuable North American market consolidated from three to two and we are cautiously optimistic about the company’s ability to increase margins over time. The industry is relatively non-cyclical and is expected to grow slightly faster than GDP growth.
Persistently high inflation, rising interest rates, and the ongoing Russia/Ukraine war weighed heavily across the markets during the first half of 2022. The Federal Reserve has stated its primary concern is to get inflation down to its target of 2%, and the resulting quantitative tightening has weighed heavily on markets. As a result, price-to-earnings multiples contracted significantly throughout the first half of the year.
As broad markets have fallen, valuations have come down. We believe small-cap valuations are more compelling than their large-cap peers. The chart below shows the relative valuation of small-cap vs. large-cap stocks over the last 40 years. Over that period, small-cap stocks traded at a median price-to-earnings ratio (P/E) roughly equal to the P/E of large caps. As of March 31, small caps traded at a 20% discount to the P/E of large caps. This is only the third time in the last 40 years that this discount has been this great. As a result, we are slowly putting cash to work.
As we look through our portfolio, valuations of the companies we own look very attractive. We think we are getting these attractive valuations because of heightened near-term uncertainty and a potential recession. As always, we focus on balance sheet strength, management quality and long-term industry outlook. We feel confident that the companies we’re invested in have the staying power and long-term ability to adapt and thrive in the uncertain future.
Four Pillar Process
When we go through our process, we weigh the different pillars - balance sheet, valuation, management, and industry - against each other. This isn’t an exact science, but the four pillars keep us from getting too far out in front of our skis.
We’re willing to pay up a little for quality when it makes sense. A company like ServisFirst Bancshares, one of the Fund’s largest holdings, is an example. Servisfirst is a commercial lender that focuses on lower-to-middle market companies. From a valuation perspective, ServisFirst historically has traded for a premium compared to other regional banks, and yet we believe it is a good value due to their strong balance sheet, good management, and stable industry. Companies like this make up the core of the portfolio. High-quality companies that are reasonably valued with great long-term prospects. We call them long-term compounders and hope to own them forever. Right now, about 75% of the portfolio is in long - compounders.
Don’t get me wrong, we are valuation conscious with these companies, but we are willing to pay a little bit more for higher quality.
The rest of the portfolio is what we consider “quality value”. Value meaning they are cheap, but quality meaning they are not junk – they have a core franchise that we expect to grow a little and throw off cash. They may not have the exceptional character of our long-term compounders, but we think they are good businesses trading at attractive valuations. Often, we find a company that may be experiencing a company-specific issue that brings the valuation down to an attractive level. We focus on the four pillars of our process with these companies as well – they still have strong balance sheets, good management, and must be in good industries - but it’s a matter of degree. Many of those types of companies are trading at 6x – 8x expected earnings. We think these valuation levels will compensate for imperfections in the other pillars.
Portfolio holding PVH is an example of ‘quality value’. The company’s Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger brands have strong recognition and pricing power in their international operations, which is most of their business. The company currently trades at an attractive multiple. However, we know fashion can be fickle, and that there are some concerns with channel inventories, but at the current valuation we think it’s an attractive opportunity. It’s currently a smaller position in the portfolio.
In the current market downturn, the Fund’s high-quality long-term compounders have held up better than our quality value positions. And so those quality value holdings, and what we are seeing in the universe of good-but-not-great companies, have gotten relatively cheaper. As bottom-up stock pickers, we are always weighing the opportunity set in front of us. But we prefer the long-term compounders – high quality companies that we would expect to outperform over the long term – so we seek to tilt the portfolio in this direction.
The Fund has historically held cash as a residual of the investment process. When we cannot find companies that meet our stringent criteria, we will allow cash to build. Over a long time horizon, we would almost always prefer to own a diversified collection of quality companies (acquired at reasonable prices) instead of cash. But we weigh this against our reluctance to sacrifice margin of safety and risk permanent impairment of capital.
While prices have come down, long-term compounders still appear somewhat expensive. We are putting money to work opportunistically but in a measured manner. We have reduced our cash position this year from around 17% at the beginning of the year to just under 12% on June 30.
Despite the market selloff during the first half of the year, we are excited about the opportunities the recent volatility is providing us. As always, we continue to diligently seek attractively priced companies that are in sound financial condition, led by strong management teams, and operating in growing industries, while remaining mindful of our long-term focus on limiting the permanent impairment of capital.
July 27, 2022
1 References to individual securities or sectors is not intended as a recommendation to purchase or sell such securities or inv est in such sectors.
2 Reflects top five contributors and top five detractors to the Fund’s performance based on contribution -to-return on a gross basis. This is not a recommendation for a specific security and these securities may not be in the Fund at the time you receive this commentary. The information provided does not reflect all positions purchased, sold or recommended by the Fund during the quarter. It should not be assumed that recommendations made in the future will be profitable or will equal the performance of the securities listed. For a full list of holdings, please view the holdings report at the end of this commentary. The portfolio holdings as of the most recent quarter-end may also be obtained at www.fpa.com.
3 Source: Servisfirst Bancshares Q1 2022 results, https://www.servisfirstbancshares.com/news-events/press-releases/detail/185/servisfirst-bancshares-inc-announces-results-for-first
4 Source: Press release, Feb 14, 2022, https://www.globenewswire.com/en/news-release/2022/02/24/2391259/0/en/South-Jersey-Industries-Inc-Enters-into-Agreement-to-be-Acquired-by-the-Infrastructure-Investments-Fund.html
5 Source: American Equity Investment Life Holding Company Q1 2022 results, https://americanequity.gcs-web.com/news-releases/news-release-details/american-equity-reports-solid-results-line-expectations
6 Source: CSG Systems Q1 2022 results, https://ir.csgi.com/investors/press-releases/press-release-details/2022/CSG-Systems-International-Reports-First-Quarter-2022-Results/default.aspx
7 Source: RLI 2021 annual report: https://www.rlicorp.com/sites/default/files/pdf/2021%20RLI_Annual_Report.pdf
8 MasTec 2021 annual report: https://investors.mastec.com/static-files/fbd5f009-f3fb-4759-838e-bc68f739351c
9 PVH 2021 annual report: https://pvh.gcs-web.com/static-files/cec07be7-f102-4cbd-926f-2e1520efc94e
This Commentary is for informational and discussion purposes only and does not constitute, and should not be construed as, an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities, products or services discussed, and neither does it provide investment advice. Any such offer or solicitation shall only be made pursuant to the Fund’s Prospectus, which supersedes the information contained herein in its entirety. This Commentary does not constitute an investment management agreement or offering circular.
The statements contained herein reflect the opinions and views of the portfolio managers as of the date written, is subject to change without notice, and may be forward-looking and/or based on current expectations, projections, and/or information currently available. Such information may not be accurate over the long-term. These views may differ from other portfolio managers and analysts of the firm as a whole and are not intended to be a forecast of future events, a guarantee of future results or investment advice.
Portfolio composition will change due to ongoing management of the Fund. References to individual securities or sectors are for informational purposes only and should not be construed as recommendations by the Fund, the portfolio manager, the Adviser, the Sub-Adviser or the distributor. It should not be assumed that future investments will be profitable or will equal the performance of the security or sector examples discussed. The portfolio holdings as of the most recent quarter-end may be obtained at www.fpa.com.
Future events or results may vary significantly from those expressed and are subject to change at any time in response to changing circumstances and industry developments. The information and data contained herein has been prepared from sources believed reliable, but the accuracy and completeness of the information cannot be guaranteed and is not a complete summary or statement of all available data.
The information contained herein is not complete, may change, and is subject to, and is qualified in its entirety by, the more complete disclosures, risk factors, and other information contained in the Fund’s Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information. The information is furnished as of the date shown. No representation is made with respect to its completeness or timeliness. The information is not intended to be, nor shall it be construed as, investment advice or a recommendation of any kind.
Certain statements contained in this presentation may be forward-looking and/or based on current expectations, projections, and information currently available. Actual events or results may differ from materially those we anticipate, or the actual performance of any investments described herein may differ from those reflected or contemplated in such forward-looking statements, due to various risks and uncertainties. We cannot assure future results and disclaim any obligation to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. Such statements may or may not be accurate over the long-term. Statistical data or references thereto were taken from sources which we deem to be reliable, but their accuracy cannot be guaranteed.
The reader is advised that the Fund’s investment strategy includes active management with corresponding changes in allocations from one period of time to the next. Therefore, any data with respect to investment allocations as of a given date is of limited use and may not be reflective of the portfolio manager’s more general views with respect to proper geographic, instrument and /or sector allocations. The data is presented for indicative purposes only and, as a result, may not be relied upon for any purposes whatsoever.
In making any investment decision, you must rely on your own examination of the Fund, including the risks involved in an investment. Investments mentioned herein may not be suitable for all recipients and in each case, potential investors are advised not to make any investment decision unless they have taken independent advice from an appropriately authorized advisor. An investment in any security mentioned herein does not guarantee a positive return as securities are subject to market risks, including the potential loss of principal. You should not construe the contents of this document as legal, tax, investment or other advice or recommendations.
Fund performance presented is calculated on a total return basis, which includes the reinvestment of all income, plus realized and unrealized gains/losses, if applicable. Unless otherwise indicated, performance results are presented on a net of fees basis and reflect the deduction of, among other things: management fees, brokerage commissions, operating and administrative expenses, and accrued performance fee/allocation, if applicable.
The information provided in this presentation is based upon data existing as of the date(s) of the report and has not been audited or reviewed. While we believe the information to be accurate, it is subject in all respects to adjustments that may be made after proper review and reconciliation.