# Why Soros, Burbank and Cohen Bought this Fairly Valued Stock

Nov 26, 2014

BUD, Financial), a \$184.78 billion market cap company that is a brewing company and manages a portfolio of over 200 brands of beer.

Good dividend yield

The company has a dividend policy showing its commitment to return cash to investors in the form of dividends as it generates healthy cash flow on a regular basis. The current dividend yield is 2.8%, which is ranked higher than 82% of the 221 companies in the Beverages-Brewers industry.

Valuation

In stock valuation models, dividend discount models (DDM) define cash flow as the dividends to be received by the shareholders. Extending the period indefinitely, the fundamental value of the stock is the present value of an infinite stream of dividends according to John Burr Williams.

Although this is theoretically correct, it requires forecasting dividends for many periods, so we can use some growth models like: Gordon (constant) Growth Model, the Two- or Three-Stage Growth Model or the H-Model (which is a special case of a two-stage model). With the appropriate model, we can forecast dividends up to the end of the investment horizon where we no longer have confidence in the forecasts and then forecast a terminal value based on some other method, such as a multiple of book value or earnings.

To start with, the Gordon Growth Model (GGM) assumes that dividends increase at a constant rate indefinitely.

This formula condenses to: V0=(D0 (1+g))/(r-g)=D1/(r-g)

where:

V0 = fundamental value

D0 = last year dividends per share of Exxon's common stock

r = required rate of return on the common stock

g = dividend growth rate

Let´s estimate the inputs for modeling:

Required Rate of Return (r)

The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) estimates the required return on equity using the following formula: required return on stockj = risk-free rate + beta of j x equity risk premium

Assumptions:

Risk-Free Rate: Rate of return on LT Government Debt: RF = 2.67%. This is a very low rate because of today´s context. Since 1900, yields have ranged from a little less than 2% to 15%; with an average rate of 4.9%. So I think it is more appropriate to use this rate.

Beta: Î² =1.32

GGM equity risk premium = (1-year forecasted dividend yield on market index) +(consensus long-term earnings growth rate) – (long-term government bond yield) = 2.13% + 11.97% - 2.67% = 11.43%[1]

rBUD= RF + Î²BUD [GGM ERP]

= 4.9% + 1.32 [11.43%]

= 19.99%

Dividend growth rate (g)

The sustainable growth rate is the rate at which earnings and dividends can grow indefinitely assuming that the firm´s debt-to-equity ratio is unchanged and it doesn´t issue new equity.

g = b x ROE

b = retention rate

ROE=(Net Income)/Equity= ((Net Income)/Sales).(Sales/(Total Assets)).((Total Assets)/Equity)

The “PRAT” Model:

g= ((Net Income-Dividends)/(Net Income)).((Net Income)/Sales).(Sales/(Total Assets)).((Total Assets)/Equity)

Let´s collect the information we need to get the dividend growth rate:

 Financial Data (USD \$ in millions) 31/12/2013 31/12/2012 31/12/2011 Cash dividendsdeclared 6,253,000 3,632,000 3,088,000 Net income applicable to common shares 16,518,000 9,325,000 7,859,000 Net sales 43,195,000 39,758,000 39,046,000 Total assets 141,666,000 122,621,000 112,427,000 Total Shareholders' equity 50,365,000 41,154,000 37,504,000 Ratios Â Â Â Retentionrate 1 0,61 0,61 Profitmargin 0,38 0,23 0,20 Assetturnover 0,30 0,32 0,35 Financialleverage 3,10 3,12 3,09 Â Â Â Â Retention rate = (Net Income – Cash dividends declared) ÷ Net Income = 0,62 Â Â Â Â Profit margin = Net Income ÷ Net sales = 0,38 Â Â Â Â Â Â Asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets = 0,30 Â Â Â Â Â Â Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Shareholders' equity = 2,81 Â Â Â Â Â Averages Â Â Â Retentionrate 0,61 Â Â Profitmargin 0,27 Â Â Assetturnover 0,33 Â Â Financialleverage 3,10 Â Â Â Â Â Â g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage Â Â Â Â Â Dividendgrowthrate 16,88% Â Â Â Â Â Â

Because for most companies, the GGM is unrealistic, let´s consider the H-Model which assumes a growth rate that starts high and then declines linearly over the high growth stage, until it reverts to the long-run rate. A smoother transition to the mature phase growth rate that is more realistic.

Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon Growth Model (long-run rate)

With the GGM formula and simple math:

g = (P0.r - D0)/(P0+D0)

= (\$115.31 ×19.99% – \$2.51) ÷ (\$115.31 + \$2.51) = 17.43%.

The growth rates are:

 Year Value g(t) 1 g(1) 16,88% 2 g(2) 17,02% 3 g(3) 17,15% 4 g(4) 17,29% 5 g(5) 17,43%

G(2), g(3) and g(4) are calculated using linear interpolation between g(1) and g(5).

Calculation of Intrinsic Value

 Year Value Cash Flow Presentvalue 0 Div 0 2,51 Â 1 Div 1 2,93 2,44 2 Div 2 3,43 2,38 3 Div 3 4,02 2,33 4 Div 4 4,72 2,28 5 Div 5 5,54 2,23 5 Terminal Value 254,48 102,32 Intrinsicvalue Â Â 113,98 Current share price Â Â 115,31

Final comment

We have covered just one valuation method, and investors should not rely on it alone in order to determine a fair (over/under) value for a potential investment.

The firm is a leading global brewer, with a dominant share in the United States (48%). Further, other key markets like Argentina (77%), Brazil (63%), Belgium (57%), Canada (41%) and Ukraine (36%). It has a portfolio of 17 brands that generate more than \$1 billion per year in sales.

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