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Jae Jun
Jae Jun
Articles (201)  | Author's Website |

Why This Is Not the Time to Buy Under Armour

Under Armour is not without issues. It needs to improve performance and it has to be reflected in the financials first

May 17, 2018 | About:

It's old news that Under Armour (NYSE:UA) is trying to find ways to right the ship. I won't be far off when I say that I was rummaging through the clearance box when Under Armour came up.

Stock prices don't indicate a business value, but in the case of Under Armour, the stock price is saying that issues exist.

The past 52 weeks have not been fun for shareholders.

It's underperformed against rivals.

UA vs Nike | source: Google

It's underperformed the S&P 500.

UA vs S&P | source: Google

One piece of good news pushing the stock higher is that President Patrik Frisk bought $500,000 worth of class A shares through his family trust.

When insiders sell shares, it could be for many reasons:

  • Diversifying.
  • Lending money to someone.
  • Buying a yacht.

However, buying signals one intent: belief that shares are cheap.

I'll get to the data and let you be the judge, but from the looks of it, Frisk sees something investors and the market do not.

Sadly, CEO Kevin Plank and all other insiders have never purchased stock on the open market. Insiders were happily selling even during its lows.

Outside of Frisk, does no one in the company see value?

First-quarter overview

In case you haven't had a chance to look at the results, here they are in a nutshell.

The good:

  • First quarter revenue up 6%.
  • International market up 27% and 24% of sales.
  • Direct to consumer (DTC) up 17% and 30% of sales.

The bad:

  • North American business flat.
  • Decrease in margin.
  • Increase in expense.
  • Operating loss.
  • Big inventory increase.
  • Negative free cash flow.

With business in the U.S. continuing to flat line and retail stores continuing to shut down, you can see how this has impacted the sales breakdown.

If international markets and DTC sales continue to increase at the current pace, it won't be long before the wholesale side of the business is overtaken.

Other Asian markets (especially China) see Under Armour as a more premium brand than Nike -- maybe due to the limited supply.

Ralph Lauren and North Face are two brands that come to mind that Asian countries give a very high brand cachet.

Can Under Armour improve operation?

The fact is that Under Armour was slow to respond to the changing retail landscape, which hasn't helped with operations.

Simultaneously, the company is spending money to expand in international markets, which makes it difficult to judge how well the business is being run. Look at the financials and for the first time in a decade, Under Armour posted an operating loss.

Actually, if you look at free cash flow, it has been down since 2015 -- a foreshadowing of what was to come?

Inventory risk is real

One of the problems is inventory management. It's one of the key metrics I look at when evaluating retail businesses. After all, inventory is one of the biggest assets, and managing it well is the difference between a well-run business and one that isn't.

UA Yearly Inventory Analysis | Source: Old School Value

In this table, you see the year-over-year inventory analysis. Accounts receivable is back up -- an increase of 32%. This means that the company is giving lenient terms to retailers or trying to stuff the channel.

The inventory above looks to be in control as inventory growth is -1% over the trailing 12 months. But when I look at the quarterly comparison, the red flag is still there.

  • Revenue is only up 6%.
  • Compared to the first quarter last year, accounts receivable are up 28%.
  • Inventory is up 27.4%.

My understanding from basic business class is that this is not the recipe for success.

This is Nike (NKE)'s latest quarter analysis.

  • Revenue growth is up 6.5%.
  • Accounts receivable are up only 1%.
  • Inventory is up 9%.

Quality factors continue to be on the low side

Another factor to use when checking quality of a potential investment is the Piotroski Score. It's a simple nine-point fundamental check to gauge the quality of the business.

In 2015, the big drop in quality occurred. So far this year, it's still on the low end with a total score of 3 points, which is attributed to:

  • Positive operating cash flow.
  • Cash from operations > ROA.
  • Decreasing long-term debt (only slightly).

Just to be safe, I like to double check stats like this by looking at another angle.

A simple DuPont analysis reveals the condition of the business based on the make up of ROE and whether the Piotroski Score is giving the proper signal.

Here there are three red flags that show why ROE has crashed to -4%.

  1. Equity multiplier has been increasing since 2014. This flags that Under Armour has been increasing utilizing leverage to try to grow.
  2. Asset turnover has slowed down, which is not surprising looking at their inventory issues.
  3. Net margin is negative.

Under Armour is hard to value

Since there are two classes, I find the Class C to be easier to value as it's simply based on the business. The A shares get a premium because of the voting power, but it's hard to say exactly what that voting power is worth when Kevin Plank has 65% voting power.

Under Armour Share Class Breakdown | source: Under Armour

With the reshaping of the business as it invests in international expansion, it becomes more difficult to value.

Morningstar says Under Armour is worth around $20.

Source: Morningstar

When I try to value the company, I get a few problems.

  • Past free cash flow is lumpy, so taking an average won't work for a DCF.
  • Current free cash flow won't work because it's negative.
  • Earnings are negative for the first time and with the changing landscape, it's a question of whether the earnings per share is currently depressed, or whether this is the new norm.

That brings me to my best tool for this type of scenario, a rebuild of the income statement to perform an Ebit multiples valuation.

Under Armour valuation range

First, to get an understanding of what the current stock price is asking, I usually do reverse valuations.

It's far easier to approximately see what the market is pricing in and decide whether it makes sense or not -- as opposed to making forward-looking valuations, which could be completely wrong.

As Warren Buffett said, it's better to be approximately right, than completely wrong.

EBIT valuation calculator | source: Old School Value

This image shows that the current stock price is baking in an Ebit multiple of 37x for the business.

Historically, the Ebit margin was around 11% and if I adjust it to this figure by assuming Under Armour will get back to its hey day, the Ebit multiple for the current stock price is 15.5x.

There are two options to decide which one is realistic.

  1. Is a 37x Ebit multiple sustainable?
  2. Will Under Armour be able to get back to its 2010-2014 operating level?

Seeing how Nike is the premium competitor, its aggressive Ebit multiple is 25x.

And no, I don't see Under Armour getting back to the hey days.

Next Scenario: Assume moderate improvement

If I assume that Ebit margins improve to 8% (currently at -0.2%) based on improving international sales and direct-to-consumer sales, the valuation looks like this:

I've used a "normal" Ebit multiple of 20x and the aggressive case of 25x Ebit, which is on par with what Nike is going for.

The optimistic range that I see is between $17 to $22.

Considering that I'm wrong on many things, there is no margin of safety here for it to be a buy in my portfolio.


  • Under Armour needs to improve performance, and it has to be reflected in the financials first.
  • Issues with inventory management.
  • Quality factors are on the low end.
  • Optimistic valuation is near current price.
  • Not a buy at these levels.

Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

About the author:

Jae Jun
Old School Value is a stock grader, value screener and valuation tool for busy value investors.

Visit Jae Jun's Website

Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote)



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