Switch to:
Also traded in: Germany

GuruFocus Financial Strength Rank measures how strong a company’s financial situation is. It is based on these factors

1. The debt burden that the company has as measured by its Interest coverage (current year).
2. Debt to revenue ratio. The lower, the better
3. Altman Z-score.

A company ranks high with financial strength is likely to withstand any business slowdowns and recessions.

Financial Strength : 5/10

vs
industry
vs
history
Cash-to-Debt 0.20
GPRE's Cash-to-Debt is ranked lower than
79% of the 1144 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 0.75 vs. GPRE: 0.20 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Cash-to-Debt only.
GPRE' s Cash-to-Debt Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.16  Med: 0.38 Max: No Debt
Current: 0.2
0.16
No Debt
Equity-to-Asset 0.34
GPRE's Equity-to-Asset is ranked lower than
82% of the 1106 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 0.56 vs. GPRE: 0.34 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Equity-to-Asset only.
GPRE' s Equity-to-Asset Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.34  Med: 0.36 Max: 0.51
Current: 0.34
0.34
0.51
Debt-to-Equity 1.45
GPRE's Debt-to-Equity is ranked lower than
89% of the 910 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 0.40 vs. GPRE: 1.45 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Debt-to-Equity only.
GPRE' s Debt-to-Equity Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.01  Med: 1.29 Max: 1.52
Current: 1.45
0.01
1.52
Debt-to-EBITDA 8.39
GPRE's Debt-to-EBITDA is ranked lower than
92% of the 925 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 2.08 vs. GPRE: 8.39 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Debt-to-EBITDA only.
GPRE' s Debt-to-EBITDA Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -13.98  Med: 5.18 Max: 8.82
Current: 8.39
-13.98
8.82
Interest Coverage 0.46
GPRE's Interest Coverage is ranked lower than
98% of the 1036 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 34.46 vs. GPRE: 0.46 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Interest Coverage only.
GPRE' s Interest Coverage Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.46  Med: 2.08 Max: 7.17
Current: 0.46
0.46
7.17
Piotroski F-Score: 3
Altman Z-Score: 1.90
Beneish M-Score: -2.04
WACC vs ROIC
1.41%
-8.38%
WACC
ROIC
GuruFocus Profitability Rank ranks how profitable a company is and how likely the company’s business will stay that way. It is based on these factors:

1. Operating Margin
2. Trend of the Operating Margin (5-year average). The company with an uptrend profit margin has a higher rank.
••3. Consistency of the profitability
4. Piotroski F-Score
5. Predictability Rank•

The maximum rank is 10. A rank of 7 or higher means a higher profitability and may stay that way. A rank of 3 or lower indicates that the company has had trouble to make a profit.

Profitability Rank is not directly related to the Financial Strength Rank. But if a company is consistently profitable, its financial strength will be stronger.

Profitability & Growth : 3/10

vs
industry
vs
history
Operating Margin % 1.16
GPRE's Operating Margin % is ranked lower than
84% of the 1128 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 7.90 vs. GPRE: 1.16 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Operating Margin % only.
GPRE' s Operating Margin % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -32.16  Med: 2.74 Max: 8.85
Current: 1.16
-32.16
8.85
Net Margin % 1.70
GPRE's Net Margin % is ranked lower than
77% of the 1126 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 6.00 vs. GPRE: 1.70 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Net Margin % only.
GPRE' s Net Margin % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -29.49  Med: 1.26 Max: 4.93
Current: 1.7
-29.49
4.93
ROE % 6.89
GPRE's ROE % is ranked lower than
61% of the 1114 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 9.62 vs. GPRE: 6.89 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful ROE % only.
GPRE' s ROE % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -8.02  Med: 7.25 Max: 23.76
Current: 6.89
-8.02
23.76
ROA % 2.40
GPRE's ROA % is ranked lower than
69% of the 1154 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 4.99 vs. GPRE: 2.40 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful ROA % only.
GPRE' s ROA % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -5.17  Med: 2.51 Max: 9.51
Current: 2.4
-5.17
9.51
ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % 2.75
GPRE's ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % is ranked lower than
84% of the 1151 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 15.16 vs. GPRE: 2.75 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % only.
GPRE' s ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -6.43  Med: 8.18 Max: 27.95
Current: 2.75
-6.43
27.95
3-Year Revenue Growth Rate -3.40
GPRE's 3-Year Revenue Growth Rate is ranked lower than
66% of the 1035 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 0.60 vs. GPRE: -3.40 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 3-Year Revenue Growth Rate only.
GPRE' s 3-Year Revenue Growth Rate Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0  Med: -2.2 Max: 177.3
Current: -3.4
0
177.3
3-Year EBITDA Growth Rate -29.20
GPRE's 3-Year EBITDA Growth Rate is ranked lower than
95% of the 953 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 8.10 vs. GPRE: -29.20 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 3-Year EBITDA Growth Rate only.
GPRE' s 3-Year EBITDA Growth Rate Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -29.2  Med: 2.05 Max: 34.5
Current: -29.2
-29.2
34.5
3-Year EPS without NRI Growth Rate -28.10
GPRE's 3-Year EPS without NRI Growth Rate is ranked lower than
91% of the 881 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 9.70 vs. GPRE: -28.10 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 3-Year EPS without NRI Growth Rate only.
GPRE' s 3-Year EPS without NRI Growth Rate Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -39.4  Med: -21 Max: 99.6
Current: -28.1
-39.4
99.6
GuruFocus has detected 7 Warning Signs with Green Plains Inc GPRE.
More than 500,000 people have already joined GuruFocus to track the stocks they follow and exchange investment ideas.
» GPRE's 30-Y Financials

Financials (Next Earnings Date: 2018-05-02)


Revenue & Net Income
Cash & Debt
Operating Cash Flow & Free Cash Flow
Operating Cash Flow & Net Income

» Details

Guru Trades

Q1 2017

GPRE Guru Trades in Q1 2017

Jeremy Grantham 9,500 sh (New)
Steven Cohen 3,323,106 sh (+122.87%)
Paul Tudor Jones 13,500 sh (-37.79%)
» More
Q2 2017

GPRE Guru Trades in Q2 2017

Caxton Associates 75,000 sh (New)
Chuck Royce 50,000 sh (New)
Paul Tudor Jones 21,202 sh (+57.05%)
Jeremy Grantham Sold Out
Steven Cohen 3,147,312 sh (-5.29%)
» More
Q3 2017

GPRE Guru Trades in Q3 2017

Mariko Gordon 156,282 sh (New)
Chuck Royce 90,000 sh (+80.00%)
Paul Tudor Jones Sold Out
Caxton Associates Sold Out
Steven Cohen 3,133,423 sh (-0.44%)
» More
Q4 2017

GPRE Guru Trades in Q4 2017

Mariko Gordon 3,452,925 sh (+2109.42%)
Chuck Royce 200,000 sh (+122.22%)
Steven Cohen 3,887,860 sh (+24.08%)
» More
» Details

Insider Trades

Latest Guru Trades with NAS:GPRE

(List those with share number changes of more than 20%, or impact to portfolio more than 0.1%)

GuruDate Trades Impact to Portfolio Price Range * (?) Current Price Change from Average Current Shares
Mariko Gordon 2017-12-31 Add 2109.42%3.47%$15.8 - $20.6 $ 18.757%3,452,925
Mariko Gordon 2017-09-30 New Buy0.2%$16.7 - $20.7 $ 18.75-2%156,282
Premium More recent guru trades are included for Premium Members only!!
Premium More recent guru trades are included for USA Subscribe Members only!!
» Interactive Charts

Peter Lynch Chart ( What is Peter Lynch Charts )

Business Description

Industry: Chemicals » Specialty Chemicals    NAICS: 325193    SIC: 2869
Compare:SZSE:002915, SHSE:603181, CAI:SKPC, TSE:4028, SZSE:300082, TSE:4008, SZSE:002683, SZSE:002666, SZSE:002361, SHSE:603826, TSE:4975, OHEL:TIK1V, IST:POLHO, SZSE:300067, TSE:4966, TSE:4027, OSL:BRG, SHSE:603378, SZSE:002386, CAI:AMOC » details
Traded in other countries:G3V.Germany,
Headquarter Location:USA
Green Plains Inc is an integrated ethanol producer. The company's business segments are Ethanol Production, Corn Oil Production, Agribusiness and Marketing and Distribution.

Green Plains Inc manufactures and sells ethanol and ethanol byproducts. The company organizes itself into four segments based on function. The marketing and distribution segment, which generates the vast majority of revenue, sells and distributes ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil, grain, and natural gas produced by both Green Plains and other third parties. The agribusiness segment purchases the corn used to make ethanol and also runs a cattle feedlot operation. The ethanol production segment operates the plants that produce ethanol from corn, while the partnership segment provides fuel storage and transportation services through the ownership and lease of railcar tanks, storage tanks, and shipping terminals. Nearly all revenue comes from the United States.

Top Ranked Articles about Green Plains Inc

Delek Logistics and Green Plains Partners Announce Formation of Logistics Joint Venture
Market Trends Toward New Normal in Diamondback Energy, Green Plains, Scripps Networks Interactive, Enterprise Products Partners, Centene, and Weyerhaeuser — Emerging Consolidated Expectations, Analyst Ratings
Green Plains Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend
Green Plains to Host Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Earnings Conference Call on February 8, 2018
Green Plains to Host Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Earnings Conference Call on February 8, 2018
First Ethanol Shipment Departs from Beaumont Terminal Constructed by Green Plains and Jefferson Energy Companies
Detailed Research: Economic Perspectives on Enterprise Products Partners, Centene, Weyerhaeuser, Diamondback Energy, Green Plains, and Scripps Networks Interactive — What Drives Growth in Today's Competitive Landscape
Mariko Gordon Starts 5 New Positions in 3rd Quarter Daruma leader exits four other holdings
Daruma Capital Management founder Mariko Gordon (Trades, Portfolio) established five new holdings and exited four others in the third quarter. Read more...
Green Plains Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend
Green Plains Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend

Ratios

vs
industry
vs
history
PE Ratio 13.91
GPRE's PE Ratio is ranked higher than
67% of the 954 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 20.04 vs. GPRE: 13.91 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful PE Ratio only.
GPRE' s PE Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3.76  Med: 12.47 Max: 237
Current: 13.91
3.76
237
Forward PE Ratio 55.87
GPRE's Forward PE Ratio is ranked lower than
98% of the 95 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 16.78 vs. GPRE: 55.87 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Forward PE Ratio only.
N/A
PE Ratio without NRI 13.91
GPRE's PE Ratio without NRI is ranked higher than
67% of the 955 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 20.23 vs. GPRE: 13.91 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful PE Ratio without NRI only.
GPRE' s PE Ratio without NRI Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3.76  Med: 12.47 Max: 237
Current: 13.91
3.76
237
PB Ratio 0.83
GPRE's PB Ratio is ranked higher than
88% of the 1112 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.93 vs. GPRE: 0.83 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful PB Ratio only.
GPRE' s PB Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.15  Med: 0.89 Max: 2.37
Current: 0.83
0.15
2.37
PS Ratio 0.23
GPRE's PS Ratio is ranked higher than
96% of the 1106 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.35 vs. GPRE: 0.23 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful PS Ratio only.
GPRE' s PS Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.04  Med: 0.22 Max: 18000
Current: 0.23
0.04
18000
EV-to-EBIT 42.13
GPRE's EV-to-EBIT is ranked lower than
90% of the 987 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 15.27 vs. GPRE: 42.13 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful EV-to-EBIT only.
GPRE' s EV-to-EBIT Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -72.5  Med: 9.5 Max: 168.6
Current: 42.13
-72.5
168.6
EV-to-EBITDA 12.19
GPRE's EV-to-EBITDA is ranked higher than
50% of the 1018 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 12.00 vs. GPRE: 12.19 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful EV-to-EBITDA only.
GPRE' s EV-to-EBITDA Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -97.5  Med: 6.6 Max: 56.9
Current: 12.19
-97.5
56.9
EV-to-Revenue 0.56
GPRE's EV-to-Revenue is ranked higher than
88% of the 1115 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.55 vs. GPRE: 0.56 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful EV-to-Revenue only.
GPRE' s EV-to-Revenue Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.1  Med: 0.4 Max: 15430.1
Current: 0.56
0.1
15430.1
Shiller PE Ratio 16.71
GPRE's Shiller PE Ratio is ranked higher than
80% of the 282 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 28.40 vs. GPRE: 16.71 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Shiller PE Ratio only.
GPRE' s Shiller PE Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 14.48  Med: 22.76 Max: 55.93
Current: 16.71
14.48
55.93
Current Ratio 1.36
GPRE's Current Ratio is ranked lower than
71% of the 1089 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.89 vs. GPRE: 1.36 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Current Ratio only.
GPRE' s Current Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1.04  Med: 1.64 Max: 198.01
Current: 1.36
1.04
198.01
Quick Ratio 0.56
GPRE's Quick Ratio is ranked lower than
91% of the 1088 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.40 vs. GPRE: 0.56 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Quick Ratio only.
GPRE' s Quick Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.56  Med: 1.07 Max: 198.01
Current: 0.56
0.56
198.01
Days Inventory 58.73
GPRE's Days Inventory is ranked higher than
55% of the 1093 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 63.43 vs. GPRE: 58.73 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Days Inventory only.
GPRE' s Days Inventory Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 13.21  Med: 25.82 Max: 62.69
Current: 58.73
13.21
62.69
Days Sales Outstanding 15.34
GPRE's Days Sales Outstanding is ranked higher than
93% of the 920 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 62.36 vs. GPRE: 15.34 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Days Sales Outstanding only.
GPRE' s Days Sales Outstanding Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 8.45  Med: 14.04 Max: 46.19
Current: 15.34
8.45
46.19
Days Payable 22.72
GPRE's Days Payable is ranked lower than
83% of the 873 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 49.24 vs. GPRE: 22.72 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Days Payable only.
GPRE' s Days Payable Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 10.32  Med: 22.33 Max: 28.57
Current: 22.72
10.32
28.57

Dividend & Buy Back

vs
industry
vs
history
Dividend Yield % 2.55
GPRE's Dividend Yield % is ranked higher than
76% of the 1218 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.74 vs. GPRE: 2.55 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Dividend Yield % only.
GPRE' s Dividend Yield % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.23  Med: 1.75 Max: 3.01
Current: 2.55
0.23
3.01
Dividend Payout Ratio 0.33
GPRE's Dividend Payout Ratio is ranked lower than
68% of the 812 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 0.30 vs. GPRE: 0.33 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Dividend Payout Ratio only.
GPRE' s Dividend Payout Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.06  Med: 0.33 Max: 2.22
Current: 0.33
0.06
2.22
3-Year Dividend Growth Rate 26.00
GPRE's 3-Year Dividend Growth Rate is ranked higher than
86% of the 546 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 6.30 vs. GPRE: 26.00 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 3-Year Dividend Growth Rate only.
GPRE' s 3-Year Dividend Growth Rate Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0  Med: 0 Max: 81.7
Current: 26
0
81.7
Forward Dividend Yield % 2.53
GPRE's Forward Dividend Yield % is ranked higher than
74% of the 1143 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.92 vs. GPRE: 2.53 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Forward Dividend Yield % only.
N/A
5-Year Yield-on-Cost % 2.55
GPRE's 5-Year Yield-on-Cost % is ranked higher than
62% of the 1420 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 2.07 vs. GPRE: 2.55 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 5-Year Yield-on-Cost % only.
GPRE' s 5-Year Yield-on-Cost % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.23  Med: 1.75 Max: 3.01
Current: 2.55
0.23
3.01
3-Year Average Share Buyback Ratio -3.10
GPRE's 3-Year Average Share Buyback Ratio is ranked lower than
52% of the 572 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: -2.70 vs. GPRE: -3.10 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful 3-Year Average Share Buyback Ratio only.
GPRE' s 3-Year Average Share Buyback Ratio Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -197.7  Med: -7.9 Max: 5.2
Current: -3.1
-197.7
5.2

Valuation & Return

vs
industry
vs
history
Price-to-Tangible-Book 1.02
GPRE's Price-to-Tangible-Book is ranked higher than
88% of the 1070 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 2.10 vs. GPRE: 1.02 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Tangible-Book only.
GPRE' s Price-to-Tangible-Book Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.52  Med: 1.15 Max: 1.97
Current: 1.02
0.52
1.97
Price-to-Intrinsic-Value-Projected-FCF 1.27
GPRE's Price-to-Intrinsic-Value-Projected-FCF is ranked higher than
59% of the 530 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.46 vs. GPRE: 1.27 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Intrinsic-Value-Projected-FCF only.
GPRE' s Price-to-Intrinsic-Value-Projected-FCF Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.77  Med: 1.18 Max: 3.23
Current: 1.27
0.77
3.23
Price-to-Median-PS-Value 1.04
GPRE's Price-to-Median-PS-Value is ranked higher than
64% of the 994 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.20 vs. GPRE: 1.04 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Median-PS-Value only.
GPRE' s Price-to-Median-PS-Value Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.31  Med: 1.18 Max: 11.76
Current: 1.04
0.31
11.76
Price-to-Graham-Number 0.79
GPRE's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked higher than
88% of the 830 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.41 vs. GPRE: 0.79 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Graham-Number only.
GPRE' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.54  Med: 0.8 Max: 3.61
Current: 0.79
0.54
3.61
Earnings Yield (Greenblatt) % 2.36
GPRE's Earnings Yield (Greenblatt) % is ranked lower than
77% of the 1154 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 5.61 vs. GPRE: 2.36 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Earnings Yield (Greenblatt) % only.
GPRE' s Earnings Yield (Greenblatt) % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -10.2  Med: 8.1 Max: 33.4
Current: 2.36
-10.2
33.4
Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % -3.13
GPRE's Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % is ranked lower than
78% of the 652 Companies
in the Global Specialty Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 9.54 vs. GPRE: -3.13 )
Ranked among companies with meaningful Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % only.
GPRE' s Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -162.2  Med: -3.1 Max: 40.8
Current: -3.13
-162.2
40.8

More Statistics

Revenue (TTM) (Mil) $3,596.17
EPS (TTM) $ 1.35
Beta1.17
Short Percentage of Float20.05%
52-Week Range $15.60 - 26.05
Shares Outstanding (Mil)41.05

Analyst Estimate

Dec18
Revenue (Mil $)
EBIT (Mil $)
EBITDA (Mil $)
EPS ($) 0.39
EPS without NRI ($) 0.39
EPS Growth Rate
(Future 3Y To 5Y Estimate)
N/A
Dividends per Share ($) 0.48

Piotroski F-Score Details

Piotroski F-Score: 33
Positive ROAY
Positive CFROAN
Higher ROA yoyY
CFROA > ROAN
Lower Leverage yoyY
Higher Current Ratio yoyN
Less Shares Outstanding yoyN
Higher Gross Margin yoyN
Higher Asset Turnover yoyN

Personalized Checklist

Checklist has been moved to "Checklist" tab.

Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GF Chat

{{numOfNotice}}