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Alcoa Corp  (NYSE:AA) Cash Flow from Operations: \$1,008 Mil (TTM As of Sep. 2017)

Cash flow from operations refers to the cash brought in through a company's normal business operations. It is the cash flow before any investment or financing activities. It is the cash version of net income.

For the three months ended in Sep. 2017, Alcoa Corp's Net Income From Continuing Operations was \$169 Mil. Its Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization was \$195 Mil. Its Change In Working Capital was \$-41 Mil. Its cash flow from deferred tax was \$14 Mil. Its Cash Flow from Discontinued Operations was \$0 Mil. Its Stock Based Compensation was \$7 Mil. And its Cash Flow from Others was \$40 Mil. In all, Alcoa Corp's Cash Flow from Operations for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$384 Mil.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Alcoa Corp Annual Data

 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Cash Flow from Operations 452.00 842.00 875.00 -311.00

Alcoa Corp Quarterly Data

 Dec13 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Cash Flow from Operations -109.00 239.00 74.00 311.00 384.00

Calculation

Cash flow from operations refers to the cash brought in through a company's normal business operations. It is the cash flow before any investment or financing activities. It is the cash version of net income.

's Cash Flow from Operations for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as:

 Cash Flow from Operations (A: Dec. 2016 ) = Net Income From Continuing Operations + Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization + Change In Working Capital + Deferred Tax = -346 + 718 + -917 + -46 + Cash Flow from Discontinued Operations + Stock Based Compensation + Cash Flow from Others + 0 + 28 + 252 = -311

Alcoa Corp's Cash Flow from Operations for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2017 is

 Cash Flow from Operations (Q: Sep. 2017 ) = Net Income From Continuing Operations + Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization + Change In Working Capital + Deferred Tax = 169 + 195 + -41 + 14 + Cash Flow from Discontinued Operations + Stock Based Compensation + Cash Flow from Others + 0 + 7 + 40 = 384

Cash Flow from Operations for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2017 was 239 (Dec. 2016 ) + 74 (Mar. 2017 ) + 311 (Jun. 2017 ) + 384 (Sep. 2017 ) = \$1,008 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

Cash flow from operations contains six items:

1. Net Income From Continuing Operations:
Net Income From Continuing Operations indicates the net income that a firm brings in from ongoing business activities. These activities are expected to continue into the next reporting period. It excludes extraordinary items, income from the cumulative effects of accounting changes, non-recurring items, income from tax loss carry forward, and preferred dividends.

Alcoa Corp's net income from continuing operations for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$169 Mil.

2. Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization:
Depreciation is a present expense that accounts for the past cost of an asset that is now providing benefits.
Depletion and amortization are synonyms for depreciation.
Generally:
The term depreciation is used when discussing man made tangible assets
The term depletion is used when discussing natural tangible assets
The term amortization is used when discussing intangible assets

Alcoa Corp's depreciation, depletion and amortization for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$195 Mil.

3. Change In Working Capital:
Working Capital is a measure of a company's short term liquidity or its ability to cover short term liabilities. It is defined as the difference between a company's current assets and current liabilities. Changes in Working Capital is reported in the cash flow statement since it is one of the major ways in which net income can differ from operating cash flow.

Alcoa Corp's change in working capital for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$-41 Mil. It means Alcoa Corp's working capital declined by \$41 Mil from Jun. 2017 to Sep. 2017 .

4. Deferred Tax:
It is the cash flow generated from deferred tax.

Alcoa Corp's cash flow from deferred tax for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$14 Mil.

5. Cash Flow from Discontinued Operations:
Cash received by a company that comes from the sale of part of business.

Alcoa Corp's cash flow from discontinued operations for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$0 Mil.

6. Stock Based Compensation:
It is a way corporations use stock options to reward employees. It provides executives and employees the opportunity to share in the growth of the company and, if structured properly, can align their interests with the interests of the company's shareholders and investors, without burning the company's cash on hand.

Alcoa Corp's stock based compensation for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$7 Mil.

7. Cash Flow from Others:
These are cash differences caused by the change of inventory, accounts payable, accounts receivable etc. For instance, if a company pays its suppliers slower, its cash position will build up faster. If a company receives payments from its customers slower, its account receivables will rise, and its cash position will grow more slowly (or even shrink).

Alcoa Corp's cash flow from others for the three months ended in Sep. 2017 was \$40 Mil.

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