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Primus Guaranty Ltd  (OTCPK:PRSG) EBITDA per Share: \$-1.26 (TTM As of Dec. 2011)

Primus Guaranty Ltd's EBITDA per share for the three months ended in Dec. 2011 was \$2.86. Its EBITDA per share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2011 was \$-1.26.

Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the EBITDA per share growth rate using EBITDA per Share data.

Primus Guaranty Ltd's EBITDA for the three months ended in Dec. 2011 was \$100.49 Mil.

Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the EBITDA Growth Rate using EBITDA data.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Primus Guaranty Ltd Annual Data

 Dec02 Dec03 Dec04 Dec05 Dec06 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 EBITDA per Share -12.27 -38.19 35.46 6.14 -1.03

Primus Guaranty Ltd Quarterly Data

 Mar07 Jun07 Sep07 Dec07 Mar08 Jun08 Sep08 Dec08 Mar09 Jun09 Sep09 Dec09 Mar10 Jun10 Sep10 Dec10 Mar11 Jun11 Sep11 Dec11 EBITDA per Share 3.31 2.09 1.56 -7.77 2.86

Calculation

EBITDA per Share is the amount of Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) per outstanding share of the company's stock.

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) is what the company earns before it expenses interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.

Primus Guaranty Ltd's EBITDA per share for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2011 is calculated as

 EBITDA Per Share (A: Dec. 2011 ) = (EBIT + Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = (-37.882 + 0.053) / 36.849 = -37.829 / 36.849 = -1.03

Primus Guaranty Ltd's EBITDA per share for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2011 is calculated as

 EBITDA Per Share (Q: Dec. 2011 ) = (EBIT + Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = (100.489 + 0) / 35.163 = 100.489 / {IS_total_share} = 2.86

EBITDA per Share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2011 was 2.088 (Mar. 2011 ) + 1.56 (Jun. 2011 ) + -7.769 (Sep. 2011 ) + 2.858 (Dec. 2011 ) = \$-1.26

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

EBITDA is a cash flow measure that ignores changes in working capital. EBITDA minus Depreciation, and Amortization (DA) equals Operating Income. Operating Income is profit before interest and taxes. Of course, Interest and taxes need to be paid.

While depreciation and amortization expenses do not need to be paid in cash, assets - especially tangible assets - do need to be replaced over time. EBITDA is not a measure of profit in any sense. EBITDA is a measure of cash generation by a business where the uses of that cash may be more or less discretionary depending on the nature of the business.

The EBITDA of a TV station is largely discretionary. Owners may use much of the EBITDA generated by a TV station as they see fit. The EBITDA of a railroad is largely non-discretionary. Owners must use much of the EBITDA generated by a railroad to replace the physical assets of the railroad or the business will literally fall apart over time.

EBITDA can be thought of as the cash a business generates that is available to:

Replace property, plant, and equipment
Add more property, plant, and equipment
Pay interest
Pay taxes
And finally: pay owners

EBITDA is widely used in financial analysis because Depreciation and Amortization are not present day cash expenses.. Depreciation and amortization are the spreading out of the costs of assets over the time in which those assets provide benefits. Today's depreciation and amortization expenses relate to assets bought in the past. The assets being expensed may or may not need to be replaced in the future. And the cost to replace the assets may be more or less than it was in the past. For this reason, the depreciation and amortization expenses a company records in the present year may have no relationship to the actual cash costs needed to maintain its assets in future years.

A company's depreciation expense depends on both its expectations about the assets it owns and its choice of accounting methods. Two companies owning identical assets may have different depreciation expenses because they have different expectations about the useful lives of those assets and because they make different accounting choices.

Analysts use EBITDA to remove this element of personal choice from a company's accounting statements. The use of EBITDA is an attempt to make the results of different companies more comparable and uniform.

Be Aware

Although depreciation is not a cash cost it is a real business cost because the company has to pay for the fixed assets when they purchase them. Both Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger hate the idea of EDITDA because in this calculation, depreciation is not counted as an expense.

EBITDA over Revenue is a good metric for comparing the operating efficiencies between companies because EBITDA is less vulnerable to companies' accounting choices. For this reason, EBITDA is used in ranking the Predictability of Companies. Also price/EBITDA is sometimes used in valuations.

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