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eMagin Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $-1.89 (As of Mar22)
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As of Mar22, eMagin's earnings power value is $-1.89. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


eMagin Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

eMagin Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.39 -1.74 -1.78 -1.28 -1.69

eMagin Quarterly Data
Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -1.46 -1.56 -1.72 -1.69 -1.89

Competitive Comparison

For the Electronic Components subindustry, eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

eMagin Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Hardware industry and Technology sector, eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



eMagin Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

eMagin's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 26.35
DDA 2.49
Operating Margin % -34.13
SGA * 25% 1.99
Tax Rate % 1.44
Maintenance Capex 4.58
Cash and Cash Equivalents 3.86
Short-Term Debt 2.70
Long-Term Debt 11.69
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 72.84

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = -34.13%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = -34.13%, Average Adjusted SGA = 1.99,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 26.35 * -34.13% +1.99 = $-7.006018513 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 1.44%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $-7.006018513 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = -7.006018513 * ( 1 - 1.44% ) = $-6.9048516056723 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 2.49 * 0.5 * 1.44% = $0.017964804 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = -6.9048516056723 + 0.017964804 = $-6.8868868016723 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
eMagin's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $4.58 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. eMagin's current cash and cash equivalent = $3.86 Mil.
eMagin's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 11.69 + 2.70 = $14.381 Mil.
eMagin's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 72.84 Mil.

eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar22 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( -6.8868868016723 - 4.58)/ 9%+3.86-14.381 )/72.84
=-1.89

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -1.8942322175347-0.6845 )/-1.8942322175347
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


eMagin  (AMEX:EMAN) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


eMagin Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of eMagin's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


eMagin Business Description

eMagin logo
Industry
Technology » Hardware NAICS : 334419 SIC : 3679
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
700 South Drive, Suite 201, Hopewell Junction, NY, USA, 12533
eMagin Corp designs, develop, manufactures, and markets organic light-emitting diode, or OLED miniature displays, OLED-on-silicon microdisplays, virtual imaging products that utilize OLED micro displays, and related products. The company's OLED displays are used in a variety of products, including military aviation helmets, military weapons sights & targeting systems, night vision & thermal imaging devices, training & simulation, visualization for ocular surgery, mobile ultrasound, and augmented reality applications. Its geographical segments are North & South America; Europe, Middle East, & Africa; and the Asia Pacific.
Executives
Cronson Paul C director C/O LARKSPUR CORP 445 PARK AVE NEW YORK NY 10022
Wittels Jill director 3006 NORTHUP WAY #103 BELLEVUE WA 98004
Richstone Ellen B director C/O SONUS NETWORKS, INC. 7 TECHNOLOGY PARK DRIVE WESTFORD MA 01886
Seay Stephen director 10500 N.E. 8TH STREET, SUITE 1400 BELLEVUE WA 98004
Sculley Andrew George Jr officer: President/CEO 260 BRIAR DRIVE MARTINEZ CA 94553
Braddom Eric director C/O EMAGIN CORPORATION 2070 ROUTE 52 BLDG 334 HOPEWELL JUNCTION NY 12533
Koch Mark A officer: CFO C/O DEL GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP. ONE COMMERCE PARK VALHALLA NY 10595
Awm Investment Company, Inc. 10 percent owner 527 MADISON AVENUE SUITE 2600 NEW YORK NY 10022
Brody Christopher Scott director STILLWATER LLC 655 MADISON AVE NEW YORK NY 10065
Costello Stephen officer: S V P Strategic Partnerships C/O EMAGIN CORPORATION 2070 ROUTE 52 BUILDING 334 HOPEWELL JUNCTION NY 12533
Polgar Leslie G director 3006 NORTHUP WAY SUITE 103 BELLEVUE WA 98004
Saltarelli Joseph other: Sr. VP of Manufacturing C/O EMAGIN CORPORATION 2070 ROUTE 52 BLDG 334 HOPEWELL JUNCTION NY 12533
Lucas Jeffrey P officer: Chief Financial Officer C/O EMAGIN CORP. 2070 ROUTE 52 HOPEWELL JUNCTION NY 12533
Ghosh Amalkumar officer: Sr. VP, R&D 2070 ROUTE 52 HOPEWELL JUNCTION NY 12533
Olivier Prache officer: Sr. VP Product Development 213 MANVILLE ROAD PLEASANTVILLE NY 10570

eMagin Headlines

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By Zacks 2020-06-15

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