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Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $154.61 (As of Jul22)
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As of Jul22, Broadcom's earnings power value is $154.61. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -187.18

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Broadcom Annual Data
Trend Oct12 Oct13 Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 10.06 22.20 15.35 12.05 94.05

Broadcom Quarterly Data
Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 67.37 94.05 110.41 131.02 154.61

Competitive Comparison

For the Semiconductors subindustry, Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Semiconductors industry and Technology sector, Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Broadcom's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 24,780
DDA 5,564
Operating Margin % 25.92
SGA * 25% 362
Tax Rate % -56.35
Maintenance Capex 400
Cash and Cash Equivalents 9,977
Short-Term Debt 304
Long-Term Debt 39,191
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 430

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 25.92%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $24,780 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 25.92%, Average Adjusted SGA = 362,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 24,780 * 25.92% +362 = $6784.6304 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = -56.35%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $6784.6304 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 6784.6304 * ( 1 - -56.35% ) = $10607.701784096 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 5,564 * 0.5 * -56.35% = $-1567.741878 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 10607.701784096 + -1567.741878 = $9039.959906096 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Broadcom's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $400 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Broadcom's current cash and cash equivalent = $9,977 Mil.
Broadcom's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 39,191 + 304 = $39495 Mil.
Broadcom's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 430 Mil.

Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Jul22 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 9039.959906096 - 400)/ 9%+9,977-39495 )/430
=154.61

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 154.60834899473-444.01 )/154.60834899473
= -187.18%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Broadcom  (NAS:AVGO) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Broadcom Business Description

Broadcom logo
Industry
Address
1320 Ridder Park Drive, San Jose, CA, USA, 95131-2313
Broadcom--the combined entity of Broadcom and Avago--boasts a highly diverse product portfolio across an array of end markets. Avago focused primarily on radio frequency filters and amplifiers used in high-end smartphones, such as the Apple iPhone and Samsung Galaxy devices, in addition to an assortment of solutions for wired infrastructure, enterprise storage, and industrial end markets. Legacy Broadcom targeted networking semiconductors, such as switch and physical layer chips, broadband products (such as television set-top box processors), and connectivity chips that handle standards such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. The company has acquired Brocade, CA Technologies, and Symantec's enterprise security business to bolster its offerings in software.
Executives
Fernandez Raul J director 11600 SUNRISE VALLEY DR RESTON VA 20191
Lien Justine director 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE SAN JOSE CA 95131
Bryant Diane M director 2200 MISSION COLLEGE BLVD SANTA CLARA CA 95054
You Harry L. director EMC CORPORATION 176 SOUTH STREET HOPKINTON MA 01748
Krause Thomas H. officer: Chief Financial Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK SAN JOSE CA 95131
Ingram Bryan officer: SVP & GM, Wireless Semicon Div C/O AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED 350 WEST TRIMBLE ROAD, BLDG. 90 SAN JOSE CA 95131
Spears Kirsten M. officer: Principal Accounting Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK SAN JOSE CA 95131
Kawwas Charlie B officer: SVP & Chief Sales Officer C/O AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES U.S. INC. 350 WEST TRIMBLE ROAD SAN JOSE CA 95131
Brazeal Mark David officer: Chief Legal Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE SAN JOSE CA 95131
Tan Hock E director, officer: President and CEO BROADCOM INC. 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE SAN JOSE CA 95131
Silver Lake Partners V De (aiv), L.p. director C/O SILVER LAKE 2775 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 100 MENLO PARK CA 94025
Silver Lake Technology Associates V, L.p. director C/O SILVER LAKE 2775 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 100 MENLO PARK CA 94025
Slta V (gp), L.l.c. director C/O SILVER LAKE 2775 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 100 MENLO PARK CA 94025
Silver Lake Technology Investors V, L.p. director C/O SILVER LAKE 2775 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 100 MENLO PARK CA 94025
Silver Lake Group, L.l.c. director 2775 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 100 MENLO PARK CA 94025

Broadcom Headlines

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