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CSG Systems International Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $24.18 (As of Jun21)
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As of Jun21, CSG Systems International's earnings power value is $24.18. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -109.93

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


CSG Systems International Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for CSG Systems International's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

CSG Systems International Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 20.43 22.03 19.03 21.09 24.06

CSG Systems International Quarterly Data
Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 22.00 23.28 24.06 23.33 24.18

Competitive Comparison

For the Software - Infrastructure subindustry, CSG Systems International's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

CSG Systems International Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Software industry and Technology sector, CSG Systems International's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where CSG Systems International's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



CSG Systems International Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

CSG Systems International's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 909
DDA 59
Operating Margin % 13.31
SGA * 25% 44
Tax Rate % 28.05
Maintenance Capex 35
Cash and Cash Equivalents 212
Short-Term Debt 266
Long-Term Debt 190
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 32

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 13.31%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 13.31%, Average Adjusted SGA = 44,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 909 * 13.31% +44 = $165.090511257 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 28.05%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $165.090511257 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 165.090511257 * ( 1 - 28.05% ) = $118.78014649174 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 59 * 0.5 * 28.05% = $8.277492723 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 118.78014649174 + 8.277492723 = $127.05763921474 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
CSG Systems International's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $35 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. CSG Systems International's current cash and cash equivalent = $212 Mil.
CSG Systems International's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 190 + 266 = $455.99 Mil.
CSG Systems International's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 32 Mil.

CSG Systems International's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Jun21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 127.05763921474 - 35)/ 9%+212-455.99 )/32
=24.18

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 24.183939269612-50.77 )/24.183939269612
= -109.93%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


CSG Systems International  (NAS:CSGS) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


CSG Systems International Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

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CSG Systems International Business Description

CSG Systems International logo
Industry
Technology » Software NAICS : 541511 SIC : 7374
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
6175 S. Willow Drive, 10th Floor, Greenwood Village, CO, USA, 80111
CSG Systems International Inc. is a provider of business support solutions for the communications industry. Its solutions include cable and satellite care and billing, content management and monetization, convergent rating and billing, mediation and data management, and wholesale settlement and routing. They help companies with transaction-centric models to manage operations by capturing and managing revenue associated with large transaction volumes. The company derives revenue from software license agreements and professional services. A large majority of the firm's revenue is generated in the United States.
Executives
Fawaz Marwan director 12405 POWERSCOURT DRIVE SAINT LOUIS MO 63131
Song Haiyan director 333 UPLANDS DR HILLSBOROUGH CA 94010
Tavares Silvio director 20 TIPTOE LANE BURLINGAME CA 94010
Kennedy Kenneth M officer: EVP & Pres, Technlgy & Product 33 W MONROE ST, SUITE 900 CHICAGO IL 60603
Barnes David G director 6175 S WILLOW DR 10TH FLOOR GREENWOOD VILLAGE CO 80111
Shepherd Brian A. officer: EVP & Group President 9197 SOUTH PEORIA STREET ENGLEWOOD CO 80112
Cooper Ronald director 1700 EAST TUFTS AVE. ENGLEWOOD CO 80113
Sica Frank V director CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL INC 7887 E BELLEVIEW AVE STE 1000 ENGEWOOD CO 801111
Reed Donald director 45 FREEMONT ST SAN FRANCISCO CA 94105
Obuchowski Janice I director 21700 ATLANTIC BLVD ORBITAL SCIENCES CORP DULLES VA 20166
Naik Rajan director 500 WEST MONROE STREET CHICAGO IL 60661
Unruh James A director C/O PRUDENTIAL FINANCIAL INC 751 BROAD ST. 4TH FL. NEWARK NJ 01702
Johns Rolland B officer: EVP & CFO 9555 MAROON CIRCLE ENGLEWOOD CO 80112
Schaaf David Neil officer: SVP, Chief Accounting Officer 6175 SOUTH WILLOW DRIVE GREENWOOD VILLAGE CO 80111
Griess Bret C officer: CEO and President 9555 MAROON CIRCLE ENGLEWOOD CO 80112

CSG Systems International Headlines

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