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Heritage Commerce Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $27.96 (As of Sep21)
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As of Sep21, Heritage Commerce's earnings power value is $27.96. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is 60.81

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Heritage Commerce Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Heritage Commerce Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 14.91 17.21 13.36 13.62 21.96

Heritage Commerce Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 20.14 21.96 26.42 23.56 27.96

Competitive Comparison

For the Banks - Regional subindustry, Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Heritage Commerce Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Banks industry and Financial Services sector, Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Heritage Commerce Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Heritage Commerce's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 135.5
DDA 3.4
Operating Margin % 0.00
SGA * 25% 13.4
Tax Rate % 31.59
Maintenance Capex 0.8
Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,742.3
Short-Term Debt 0.0
Long-Term Debt 39.9
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 60.8

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 0.00%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 0.00%, Average Adjusted SGA = 13.4,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 135.5 * 0.00% +13.4 = $ Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 31.59%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $ Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = * ( 1 - 31.59% ) = $0 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 3.4 * 0.5 * 31.59% = $0.5291518815 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 0 + 0.5291518815 = $0.5291518815 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Heritage Commerce's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $0.8 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Heritage Commerce's current cash and cash equivalent = $1,742.3 Mil.
Heritage Commerce's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 39.9 + 0.0 = $39.878 Mil.
Heritage Commerce's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 60.8 Mil.

Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Sep21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 0.5291518815 - 0.8)/ 9%+1,742.3-39.878 )/60.8
=27.96

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 27.963400973137-10.96 )/27.963400973137
= 60.81%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Heritage Commerce  (NAS:HTBK) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Heritage Commerce Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Heritage Commerce's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Heritage Commerce Business Description

Heritage Commerce logo
Industry
Financial Services » Banks NAICS : 522110 SIC : 6022
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
224 Airport Parkway, San Jose, CA, USA, 95110
Heritage Commerce Corporation operates as a bank holding company. The company, through its subsidiary, offers commercial banking services to small and medium-sized businesses and their owners, managers, and employees. It operates through two segments, namely Banking and Factoring. The bank generates a majority of its revenue from the Banking segment.
Executives
Cabral Bruce H director 150 ALMADEN BOULEVARD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Benito Michael Eugene officer: EVP 150 ALMADNE BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Moles Robert director HERITAGE COMMERCE CORP 150 ALMADEN BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Webster Ranson W director C/O HERITAGE BANK OF COMMERCE 150 ALMADEN BLVD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Bisceglia Frank G director C/O HERITAGE COMMERCE CORP 150 ALMADEN BLVD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Jones Robertson Clay Jr officer: EVP 150 ALMADEN BOULEVARD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Wilton Keith director, officer: President and CEO 150 ALMADEN BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Kaczmarek Walter Theodore director HERITAGE COMMERCE CORP 150 ALMADEN BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Conner Jack W director HERITAGE COMMERCE CORP 150 ALMADEN BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Biagini Komas Julianne M director 150 ALMADEN BOULEVARD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Mcgovern Lawrence D officer: EVP/CFO C/O HERITAGE COMMERCE CORP 150 ALMADEN BLVD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Dinapoli Jason Philip director 1875 CENTURY PARK EAST SUITE 1400 LOS ANGELES CA 90067
Roden Laura director 150 ALMADEN BLVD. SAN JOSE CA 95113
Butsch Margo G. officer: EVP/Chief Credit Officer 150 ALMADEN BLVD SAN JOSE CA 95113
Sutton Marina Park director 150 ALMADEN BOULEVARD SAN JOSE CA 95113

Heritage Commerce Headlines

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