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Photronics Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $1.84 (As of Apr22)
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As of Apr22, Photronics's earnings power value is $1.84. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -1234.84

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Photronics Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Photronics Annual Data
Trend Oct12 Oct13 Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 0.34 1.40 -1.89 -0.78 -1.44

Photronics Quarterly Data
Jul17 Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.86 -2.06 -1.44 0.13 1.84

Competitive Comparison

For the Semiconductor Equipment & Materials subindustry, Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Photronics Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Semiconductors industry and Technology sector, Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Photronics Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Photronics's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 597.3
DDA 87.6
Operating Margin % 12.13
SGA * 25% 13.4
Tax Rate % 20.15
Maintenance Capex 89.5
Cash and Cash Equivalents 329.3
Short-Term Debt 12.4
Long-Term Debt 70.1
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 61.1

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 12.13%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $597.3 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 12.13%, Average Adjusted SGA = 13.4,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 597.3 * 12.13% +13.4 = $85.902379788 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 20.15%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $85.902379788 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 85.902379788 * ( 1 - 20.15% ) = $68.595197820213 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 87.6 * 0.5 * 20.15% = $8.827788305 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 68.595197820213 + 8.827788305 = $77.422986125213 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Photronics's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $89.5 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Photronics's current cash and cash equivalent = $329.3 Mil.
Photronics's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 70.1 + 12.4 = $82.548 Mil.
Photronics's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 61.1 Mil.

Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Apr22 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 77.422986125213 - 89.5)/ 9%+329.3-82.548 )/61.1
=1.84

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 1.8444219342388-24.62 )/1.8444219342388
= -1234.84%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Photronics  (NAS:PLAB) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Photronics Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Photronics's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Photronics Business Description

Photronics logo
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
15 Secor Road, Brookfield, CT, USA, 06804
Photronics is a U.S.-based company that is principally engaged in manufacturing photomasks. The photomasks are photographic quartz plates that contain microscopic images of electronic circuits that are used as a component in the manufacture of integrated circuits and flat-panel displays. The revenue from products designed for integrated circuits production accounts for the majority of total revenue, with the rest derived from products for flat-panel display production. The company's assets are located in Taiwan, Korea, and the United States. It generates revenue worldwide, including the United States, Europe, Taiwan, Korea, China, and elsewhere in Asia, with Asia contributing the majority of total revenue.
Executives
Lewis Adam M director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Liao Daniel Jl director 2045 EAST INNOVATION CIRCLE TEMPE AZ 85284
Paladino Mary director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Lee Kang Jyh officer: President, Asia IC Photomask 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Jordan John P officer: SVP & Chief Financial Officer 600 EAST GREENWICH AVENUE WEST WARWICK RI 02893
Hsia Liang Choo director 15 SECOR RD. BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Gmt Capital Corp 10 percent owner GMT CAPITAL CORP 2300 WINDY RIDGE PARKWAY SUITE 550 SOUTH ATLANTA GA 30339
Burr Richelle E officer: VP, General Counsel & Secy 15 SECOR RD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Kirlin Peter S officer: Senior VP, U.S. & Europe 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Progler Christopher J officer: VP,Chief Technology Officer 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Jeong Soo Hong officer: COO, President-Asia Operations 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Luttati Michael J director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Maris Willem D director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Tyson Mitchell G director 15 SECOR ROAD BROOKFIELD CT 06804
Yomazzo Michael J director 15 SECOR ROAD PO BOX 5226 BROOKFIELD CT 06804

Photronics Headlines

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