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Winmark Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $64.37 (As of Mar22)
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As of Mar22, Winmark's earnings power value is $64.37. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -204.06

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Winmark Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Winmark Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -8.95 6.99 29.54 42.13 62.97

Winmark Quarterly Data
Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 48.15 53.84 60.39 62.97 64.37

Competitive Comparison

For the Specialty Retail subindustry, Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Winmark Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Retail - Cyclical industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Winmark Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Winmark's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 72.42
DDA 0.60
Operating Margin % 60.34
SGA * 25% 5.98
Tax Rate % 23.45
Maintenance Capex 10.99
Cash and Cash Equivalents 2.88
Short-Term Debt 4.23
Long-Term Debt 60.61
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 3.72

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 60.34%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 60.34%, Average Adjusted SGA = 5.98,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 72.42 * 60.34% +5.98 = $49.674400566 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 23.45%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $49.674400566 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 49.674400566 * ( 1 - 23.45% ) = $38.023518285248 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 0.60 * 0.5 * 23.45% = $0.070551136 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 38.023518285248 + 0.070551136 = $38.094069421248 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Winmark's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $10.99 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Winmark's current cash and cash equivalent = $2.88 Mil.
Winmark's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 60.61 + 4.23 = $64.838 Mil.
Winmark's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 3.72 Mil.

Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar22 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 38.094069421248 - 10.99)/ 9%+2.88-64.838 )/3.72
=64.37

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 64.374594609639-195.74 )/64.374594609639
= -204.06%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Winmark  (NAS:WINA) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Winmark Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Winmark's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Winmark Business Description

Winmark logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Retail - Cyclical NAICS : 533110 SIC : 5999
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
605 Highway 169 North, Suite 400, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 55441
Winmark Corp is a franchisor of value-oriented retail store concepts that buy, sell and trade gently used the merchandise. The company's reportable segments include Franchising and Leasing. The franchising segment franchises value-oriented retail store that buys, sells, trade and consign merchandise as well as provide strategic consulting services relating to franchising. The leasing segment includes middle-market equipment leasing business and small-ticket financing business. It generates a majority of its revenue from the Franchising segment.
Executives
Mackenzie Kirk A director 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Wilson Mark L director 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Gaudette Renae M. officer: President of Franchising 605 HIGHWAY 169 N, SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Heffes Brett D director, officer: Chairman and CEO 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Ishaug Anthony D officer: Chief Financial Officer 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Barbetta Lawrence A director 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Reyelts Paul C director 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Grassle Jenele C director 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Goff Leah A officer: VP of Human Resources 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Olson Ronald G 10 percent owner GROWN BIZ INTERNATIONAL INC 4200 DAHLBERG DRIVE MINNEAPOLIS MN 55422-4837
Morgan John L director, 10 percent owner, officer: Executive Chairman 605 HIGHWAY 169 SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Murphy Steven officer: President of Franchising 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Zola Steven C director, officer: President, Winmark Capital 605 HWY 169 N SUITE 400 MINNEAPOLIS MN 55441
Bradshaw James Shel 10 percent owner 12600 HILL COUNTRY BLVD SUITE R-230 AUSTIN TX 78738
Bares Brian Timothy 10 percent owner 12600 HILL COUNTRY BLVD SUITE R-230 AUSTIN TX 78738

Winmark Headlines

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