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Bunge Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $-190.85 (As of Sep21)
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As of Sep21, Bunge's earnings power value is $-190.85. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Bunge Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Bunge Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -15.11 -234.88 -261.32 -170.12 -179.73

Bunge Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -171.01 -179.73 -190.69 -189.68 -190.85

Competitive Comparison

For the Farm Products subindustry, Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Bunge Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Consumer Packaged Goods industry and Consumer Defensive sector, Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Bunge Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Bunge's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 45,670
DDA 535
Operating Margin % 1.59
SGA * 25% 340
Tax Rate % 340.55
Maintenance Capex 439
Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,484
Short-Term Debt 1,993
Long-Term Debt 5,336
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 153

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 1.59%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 1.59%, Average Adjusted SGA = 340,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 45,670 * 1.59% +340 = $1066.906518 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 340.55%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $1066.906518 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 1066.906518 * ( 1 - 340.55% ) = $-2566.4276254512 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 535 * 0.5 * 340.55% = $911.307786 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = -2566.4276254512 + 911.307786 = $-1655.1198394512 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Bunge's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $439 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Bunge's current cash and cash equivalent = $1,484 Mil.
Bunge's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 5,336 + 1,993 = $7329 Mil.
Bunge's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 153 Mil.

Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Sep21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( -1655.1198394512 - 439)/ 9%+1,484-7329 )/153
=-190.85

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -190.84879855507-90.58 )/-190.84879855507
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Bunge  (NYSE:BG) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Bunge Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Bunge's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Bunge Business Description

Bunge logo
Industry
Address
1391 Timberlake Manor Parkway, St. Louis, MO, USA, 63017
Founded in 1818, Bunge is a global agribusiness and food company with operations along the farm-to-consumer food chain. The agribusiness segment generates roughly two thirds of profits and includes the largest oilseed processing capacity globally. The company is a leading oilseed processor and seller of packaged vegetable oils and other food and ingredients products.
Executives
Wagner Robert officer: Chief Risk Officer 1391 TIMBERLAKE MANOR PARKWAY CHESTERFIELD MT 63017
Browner Carol M. director C/O BUNGE LIMITED 50 MAIN STREET, 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Mauger Pierre officer: Chief Transformation Officer C/O BUNGE LIMITED, 50 MAIN STREET 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Winship Henry Ward Iv director PO BOX 8614 RANCHO SANTA FE CA 92067
Padilla Raul officer: President, Global Operations C/O BUNGE LTD 50 MAIN STREET WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Borg Deborah officer: EVP & Chief HR, Comms Officer C/O BUNGE LIMITED, 50 MAIN STREET 8TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Dimopoulos Christos officer: Pres., Global Supply Chains C/O BUNGE LIMITED 50 MAIN STREET, 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Neppl John W officer: EVP, Chief Financial Officer 1811 AKSARBEN DRIVE OMAHA NE 68106
Zachman Brian officer: President Global Risk Mgmnt C/O BUNGE LIMITED 50 MAIN STREET, 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Buettner Aaron officer: SVP, Bunge Loders Croklaan C/O BUNGE LIMITED 50 MAIN STREET, 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Podwika Joseph officer: EVP and Chief Legal Officer C/O BUNGE LIMITED 50 MAIN STREET, 6TH FLOOR WHITE PLAINS NY 10606
Simmons Jerry Matthews Jr officer: Controller, Principal Actg Off TWO N. NINTH STREET ALLENTOWN PA 18101
Bair Sheila Colleen director 6903 ROCKLEDGE DRIVE, SUITE 1500 BETHESDA MD 20817
Fribourg Paul J director 667 MADISON AVE NEW YORK NY 10021
Fyrwald J Erik director LILLY CORPORATE CENTER INDIANAPOLIS IN 46285

Bunge Headlines

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