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CarMax Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $-71.01 (As of Aug21)
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As of Aug21, CarMax's earnings power value is $-71.01. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


CarMax Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

CarMax Annual Data
Trend Feb12 Feb13 Feb14 Feb15 Feb16 Feb17 Feb18 Feb19 Feb20 Feb21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -46.19 -50.24 -56.05 -64.91 -60.64

CarMax Quarterly Data
Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17 Nov17 Feb18 May18 Aug18 Nov18 Feb19 May19 Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20 Aug20 Nov20 Feb21 May21 Aug21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -59.87 -58.09 -60.64 -61.22 -71.01

Competitive Comparison

For the Auto & Truck Dealerships subindustry, CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

CarMax Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Vehicles & Parts industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



CarMax Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

CarMax's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 19,600
DDA 207
Operating Margin % 2.83
SGA * 25% 456
Tax Rate % 25.50
Maintenance Capex 246
Cash and Cash Equivalents 58
Short-Term Debt 567
Long-Term Debt 17,168
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 166

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 2.83%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 2.83%, Average Adjusted SGA = 456,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 19,600 * 2.83% +456 = $1009.827712437 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 25.50%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $1009.827712437 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 1009.827712437 * ( 1 - 25.50% ) = $752.36708801262 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 207 * 0.5 * 25.50% = $26.395950069 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 752.36708801262 + 26.395950069 = $778.76303808162 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
CarMax's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $246 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. CarMax's current cash and cash equivalent = $58 Mil.
CarMax's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 17,168 + 567 = $17735.331 Mil.
CarMax's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 166 Mil.

CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Aug21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 778.76303808162 - 246)/ 9%+58-17735.331 )/166
=-71.01

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -71.011123783503-150.18 )/-71.011123783503
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


CarMax  (NYSE:KMX) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


CarMax Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of CarMax's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


CarMax Business Description

CarMax logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Vehicles & Parts NAICS : 423110 SIC : 5521
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
12800 Tuckahoe Creek Parkway, Richmond, VA, USA, 23238
CarMax sells, finances, and services used and new cars through a chain of 220 used retail stores at the end of fiscal 2021 plus one new vehicle store. It was formed in 1993 as a unit of Circuit City and spun off into an independent company in late 2002. Used-vehicle sales account for about 83% of revenue, wholesale about 14%, and the remaining portion is composed of extended service plans and repair. In fiscal 2021, the company retailed and wholesaled 751,862 and 426,268 used vehicles, respectively. CarMax is the largest used vehicle retailer in the U.S., but still estimates that it has only about 3.5% U.S. market share of vehicles 0 to 10 years old but seeks over 5% by the end of calendar 2025. CarMax is based in Richmond, Virginia.
Executives
Oneil Mark F director C/O CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Reedy Thomas W Jr officer: EVP of Finance 12800 TUCKHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Margolin Eric M officer: EVP, Gen. Counsel & Secretary C/O ADVANCE AUTO PARTS 5673 AIRPORT RD ROANOKE VA 24012
Lyski James officer: EVP & Chief Marketing Officer ONE NATIONWIDE PLAZA 1-38-06 COLUMBUS OH 43215
Nash William D officer: President & CEO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Daniels Jon G officer: SVP, CAF 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Folliard Thomas J director 4900 COX RD GELN ALLEN VA 23060
Livesay Jill A officer: VP, Controller & PAO CARMAX, INC. 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Cafritz Diane L officer: SVP & CHRO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Hill Edwin J officer: EVP & COO 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Blaylock Ronald E director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: BLAYLOCK RONALD E a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Satriano Pietro director C/O US FOODS HOLDING CORP. 9399 W. HIGGINS RD., STE 100 ROSEMONT IL 60018
Shinder Marcella director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PARKWAY RICHMOND VA 23238
Steenrod Mitchell D director 12800 TUCKAHOE CREEK PKWY RICHMOND VA 23238
Mccreight David W. director C/O URBAN OUTFITTERS, INC. 5000 SOUTH BROAD STREET PHILADELPHIA PA 19112

CarMax Headlines

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