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Royal Caribbean Group Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $-756.48 (As of Sep21)
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As of Sep21, Royal Caribbean Group's earnings power value is $-756.48. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Royal Caribbean Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Royal Caribbean Group Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -46.77 -22.09 -55.90 -48.66 -170.89

Royal Caribbean Group Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 334.47 -170.89 -493.98 -752.74 -756.48

Competitive Comparison

For the Travel Services subindustry, Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Royal Caribbean Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Travel & Leisure industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Royal Caribbean Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Royal Caribbean Group's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 6,778.1
DDA 1,140.6
Operating Margin % -210.24
SGA * 25% 318.6
Tax Rate % 0.00
Maintenance Capex 1,774.2
Cash and Cash Equivalents 3,289.3
Short-Term Debt 1,028.1
Long-Term Debt 20,431.9
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 254.7

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = -210.24%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = -210.24%, Average Adjusted SGA = 318.6,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 6,778.1 * -210.24% +318.6 = $-13932.077007361 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 0.00%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $-13932.077007361 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = -13932.077007361 * ( 1 - 0.00% ) = $-13932.077007361 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 1,140.6 * 0.5 * 0.00% = $0 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = -13932.077007361 + 0 = $-13932.077007361 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Royal Caribbean Group's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $1,774.2 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Royal Caribbean Group's current cash and cash equivalent = $3,289.3 Mil.
Royal Caribbean Group's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 20,431.9 + 1,028.1 = $21459.943 Mil.
Royal Caribbean Group's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 254.7 Mil.

Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Sep21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( -13932.077007361 - 1,774.2)/ 9%+3,289.3-21459.943 )/254.7
=-756.48

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -756.47596128283-79.09 )/-756.47596128283
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Royal Caribbean Group  (NYSE:RCL) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Royal Caribbean Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Royal Caribbean Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Royal Caribbean Group Business Description

Royal Caribbean Group logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Travel & Leisure NAICS : 483111 SIC : 4489
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1050 Caribbean Way, Miami, FL, USA, 33132
Royal Caribbean is the world's second- largest cruise company, operating more than 60 ships across five global and partner brands in the cruise vacation industry. Brands the company operates include Royal Caribbean International, Celebrity Cruises, and Silversea. The company also has a 50% investment in a joint venture that operates TUI Cruises and Hapag-Lloyd Cruises, allowing it to compete on the basis of innovation, quality of ships and service, variety of itineraries, choice of destinations, and price. The company is completed the divestiture of its Azamara brand in the first quarter of 2021.
Executives
Kulovaara Harri U officer: EVP, Maritime ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISE LINES 6100 BLUE LAGOON DRIVE, SUITE 200 MIAMI FL 33126
Pujol Henry L officer: SVP, Chief Accounting Officer ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD. 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Bayley Michael W officer: Pres& CEO,Royal Caribbean Intl ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD. 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Stein Bradley H officer: SVP, GC & ChiefComplianceOff 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Lutoff-perlo Lisa officer: Pres & CEO, Celebrity Cruises 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Liberty Jason T officer: EVP, Chief Financial Officer 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
A Wilhelmsen A S 10 percent owner BEDDINGEN 8 AKER BRYGGE 1250 OSLO PO BOX 1583 VIKA N 0118 OSLO NORWAY Q8 00000
Wilhelmsen Arne Alexander director ANDERS WILHELMSEN & CO. AS BEDDINGEN 8, AKER BRYGGE OSLO Q8 NO-0118
Montiel Maritza Gomez director 475 W. TERRA COTTA AVE., SUITE E CRYSTAL LAKE IL 60014
Howe Stephen R. Jr. director C/O ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD. 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Sorensen Vagn O director ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD. 1050 CARIBBEAN WAY MIAMI FL 33132
Pritzker Thomas director PRITZKER & PRITZKER 200 W. MADISON STREET, 38TH FLOOR CHICAGO IL 60606
Ofer Eyal director CARLYLE M.G. LIMITED 18 UPPER BROOK STREET LONDON X0 W1Y 1PD
Moore Ann S director C/O AVON PRODUCS INC 1345 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS NEW YORK NY 10105-0196
Brock John director 2500 WINDY RIDGE PARKWAY ATLANTA GA 30339

Royal Caribbean Group Headlines

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