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Spire Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $-149.74 (As of Sep21)
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As of Sep21, Spire's earnings power value is $-149.74. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is N/A.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Spire Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Spire Annual Data
Trend Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20 Sep21
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -77.32 -83.53 -113.91 -129.29 -149.74

Spire Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -129.29 -135.96 -137.87 -143.65 -149.74

Competitive Comparison

For the Utilities - Regulated Gas subindustry, Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Spire Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Utilities - Regulated industry and Utilities sector, Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Spire Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Spire's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 1,950
DDA 183
Operating Margin % 14.01
SGA * 25% 0
Tax Rate % 19.54
Maintenance Capex 605
Cash and Cash Equivalents 4
Short-Term Debt 728
Long-Term Debt 2,939
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 52

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 14.01%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 14.01%, Average Adjusted SGA = 0,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 1,950 * 14.01% +0 = $273.225474 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 19.54%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $273.225474 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 273.225474 * ( 1 - 19.54% ) = $219.84951152673 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 183 * 0.5 * 19.54% = $17.8671683 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 219.84951152673 + 17.8671683 = $237.71667982673 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Spire's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $605 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Spire's current cash and cash equivalent = $4 Mil.
Spire's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 2,939 + 728 = $3666.9 Mil.
Spire's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 52 Mil.

Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Sep21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 237.71667982673 - 605)/ 9%+4-3666.9 )/52
=-149.74

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( -149.73507848125-61.74 )/-149.73507848125
= N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Spire  (NYSE:SR) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Spire Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Spire's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Spire Business Description

Spire logo
Industry
Utilities » Utilities - Regulated NAICS : 221210 SIC : 4924
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
700 Market Street, Saint Louis, MO, USA, 63101
Spire Inc is a public utility holding company with two key business segments: Gas Utility and Gas Marketing. The Gas Utility segment includes the regulated operations of Laclede Gas, Alabama Gas Corporation (Alagasco), and EnergySouth Inc. The Utilities businesses operations include the purchase, retail, distribution, and sale of natural gas in Missouri, Alabama, and Mississippi. The Gas Utility segment generates a majority of the company's revenue but is subject to seasonal fluctuations. The Gas Marketing segment includes Laclede Energy Resources, Inc, whose operations include the marketing of natural gas and related activities on a non-regulated basis.
Executives
Hampton Joseph B. officer: President, AL & MS 700 MARKET STREET ST. LOUIS MO 63101
Woodard Adam W. officer: Treasurer 700 MARKET STREET ST. LOUIS MO 63101
Rasche Steven P officer: Executive Vice President 12442 CINEMA LANE SAINT LOUIS MO 63127
Van Lokeren Mary Ann director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: VAN LOKEREN MARY ANN a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Fogarty Maria V. director 720 OLIVE ST. LOUIS MO 63101
Jones Rob L. director 555 EAST AIRTEX DRIVE HOUSTON TX 77073
Borer Mark A director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: BORER MARK A a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Glotzbach Edward L director C/O VISUAL NETWORKS INC 2092 GAITHER ROAD ROCKVILLE MD 20850
Newberry Brenda D director 720 OLIVE STREET ST. LOUIS MO 63101
Schwartz Stephen S director 46897 BAYSIDE PARKWAY FREMONT CA 94538
Stupp John P Jr director STUPP JOHN P JR 120 SOUTH CENTRAL AVE STE 1650 ST LOUIS MO 63105
Carter Scott B. officer: SVP, COO of Distribution Ops 700 MARKET STREET ST. LOUIS MO 63101
Sitherwood Suzanne director, officer: President & CEO 700 MARKET STREET SAINT LOUIS MO 63101
Darrell Mark C officer: Senior Vice President 720 OLIVE STREET SAINT LOUIS MO 63101
Geiselhart Michael C officer: Senior Vice President 720 OLIVE STREET SAINT LOUIS MO 63101

Spire Headlines

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