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Galaxy Entertainment Group Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $1.80 (As of Dec20)
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As of Dec20, Galaxy Entertainment Group's earnings power value is $1.80. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -1361.02

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Galaxy Entertainment Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Galaxy Entertainment Group Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - 8.48 11.48 1.84

Galaxy Entertainment Group Semi-Annual Data
Dec11 Jun12 Dec12 Jun13 Dec13 Jun14 Dec14 Jun15 Dec15 Jun16 Dec16 Jun17 Dec17 Jun18 Dec18 Jun19 Dec19 Jun20 Dec20 Jun21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 11.48 - 1.84 -

Competitive Comparison

For the Resorts & Casinos subindustry, Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Galaxy Entertainment Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Travel & Leisure industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Galaxy Entertainment Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Galaxy Entertainment Group's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 5 Years Last Year
Revenue 5,681
DDA 424
Operating Margin % 7.31
SGA * 25% 31
Tax Rate % -0.05
Maintenance Capex 406
Cash and Cash Equivalents 2,362
Short-Term Debt 1,208
Long-Term Debt 38
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 868

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 7.31%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = 7.31%, Average Adjusted SGA = 31,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 5,681 * 7.31% +31 = $446.349823992 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = -0.05%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $446.349823992 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 446.349823992 * ( 1 - -0.05% ) = $446.56407190752 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 424 * 0.5 * -0.05% = $-0.101731248 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 446.56407190752 + -0.101731248 = $446.46234065952 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Galaxy Entertainment Group's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $406 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Galaxy Entertainment Group's current cash and cash equivalent = $2,362 Mil.
Galaxy Entertainment Group's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 38 + 1,208 = $1246.3949483352 Mil.
Galaxy Entertainment Group's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 868 Mil.

Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Dec20 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 446.46234065952 - 406)/ 9%+2,362-1246.3949483352 )/868
=1.80

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 1.7994296310236-26.29 )/1.7994296310236
= -1361.02%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Galaxy Entertainment Group  (OTCPK:GXYYY) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Galaxy Entertainment Group Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Galaxy Entertainment Group's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Galaxy Entertainment Group Business Description

Galaxy Entertainment Group logo
Industry
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
111 Connaught Road Central, 22nd Floor, Wing On Centre, Hong Kong, HKG
Galaxy Entertainment is one of six casino license holders in Macao. Its major properties include Starworld casino in the Macao Peninsula and Galaxy Macau phases 1 and 2 in Cotai, with a hotel room inventory of approximately 4,300.
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