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Sonic Foundry Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $1.82 (As of Jun21)
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As of Jun21, Sonic Foundry's earnings power value is $1.82. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -96.17

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Sonic Foundry Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Sonic Foundry Annual Data
Trend Sep11 Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.36 3.08 2.28 2.05 1.97

Sonic Foundry Quarterly Data
Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 1.86 1.97 1.87 1.70 1.82

Competitive Comparison

For the Software - Application subindustry, Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Sonic Foundry Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Software industry and Technology sector, Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Sonic Foundry Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Sonic Foundry's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 35.21
DDA 1.49
Operating Margin % -5.44
SGA * 25% 5.07
Tax Rate % 46.46
Maintenance Capex 0.81
Cash and Cash Equivalents 5.45
Short-Term Debt 1.23
Long-Term Debt 2.30
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 8.55

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = -5.44%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $ Mil, Average Operating Margin = -5.44%, Average Adjusted SGA = 5.07,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 35.21 * -5.44% +5.07 = $3.157627875 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 46.46%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $3.157627875 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 3.157627875 * ( 1 - 46.46% ) = $1.6906413286931 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 1.49 * 0.5 * 46.46% = $0.3455118645 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 1.6906413286931 + 0.3455118645 = $2.0361531931931 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Sonic Foundry's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $0.81 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Sonic Foundry's current cash and cash equivalent = $5.45 Mil.
Sonic Foundry's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 2.30 + 1.23 = $3.532 Mil.
Sonic Foundry's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 8.55 Mil.

Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Jun21 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 2.0361531931931 - 0.81)/ 9%+5.45-3.532 )/8.55
=1.82

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 1.8224084171291-3.575 )/1.8224084171291
= -96.17%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Sonic Foundry  (OTCPK:SOFO) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Sonic Foundry Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Sonic Foundry's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Sonic Foundry Business Description

Sonic Foundry logo
Industry
Technology » Software NAICS : 511210 SIC : 7372
Traded in Other Exchanges
N/A
Address
222 W. Washington Avenue, Madison, WI, USA, 53703
Sonic Foundry Inc is engaged in the business of providing video enterprise solutions and services for the digital-first, distance learning, and corporate communications market. It offers video capture, management, and Webcasting solutions in education, business, and government. The company also offers video solutions, including Mediasite Video Platform, Mediasite Video Cloud, Mediasite Capture Solutions, Mediasite Events, Mediasite Services, and Mediasite Customer Care. The company has a geographical presence in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East, Asia, and other places.
Executives
Burish Mark D director, 10 percent owner HURLEY, BURISH, MILLIKEN S.C. 301 NORTH BROOM STREET MADISON WI 53703
Kopko Frederick H Jr director 4901 S ELLIS AVE CHICAGO IL 60615
Murphy Nelson A director 2300 W INNES ST SALISBURY NC 28144
Wiegand Brian director 8215 GREENWAY BLVD, SUITE 340 MIDDLETON WI 53562
Slayton David director 701 WASHINGTON AVE N. SUITE #400 MINNEAPOLIS WI 55401
Norregaard Michael officer: Chief Executive Officer 4891 ENCHANTED VALLEY ROAD MIDDLETON WI 53562
Burish Andrew D. 10 percent owner 8020 EXCELSIOR DRIVE MADISON WI 53717
Minor Kenneth A officer: Chief Financial Officer PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: MINOR KENNETH A a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Weis Gary director, officer: Chief Executive Officer & CTO PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: WEIS GARY a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Lipps Robert M officer: Executive Vice President Sales 222 W. WASHINGTON AVE. MADISON WI 53703
Kleinman David director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: KLEINMAN DAVID a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Peercy Paul S director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: PEERCY PAUL S a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Michael Janowiak director 549 W RANDOLPH #600 CHICAGO IL 60651
Buinevicius Rimas director, officer: Chairman & Strategy Officer PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: BUINEVICIUS RIMAS a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Schmidt Monty director, 10 percent owner, officer: Chief Technology Officer PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: SCHMIDT MONTY a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
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