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Qualcomm (NAS:QCOM) Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $53.58 (As of Dec22)
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As of Dec22, Qualcomm's earnings power value is $53.58. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -148.09

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Qualcomm Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Qualcomm Annual Data
Trend Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20 Sep21 Sep22
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 198.29 221.73 231.84 255.91 379.67

Qualcomm Quarterly Data
Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 281.80 311.13 334.24 379.67 53.58

Competitive Comparison

For the Semiconductors subindustry, Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Qualcomm Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Semiconductors industry and Technology sector, Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls in comparison to its industry or sector. The grey bar indicates the Earnings Power Value (EPV)'s extreme value range as defined by GuruFocus.



Qualcomm Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Qualcomm's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 30,322
DDA 1,547
Operating Margin % 24.88
SGA * 25% 601
Tax Rate % 7.59
Maintenance Capex 1,354
Cash and Cash Equivalents 8,238
Short-Term Debt 1,446
Long-Term Debt 15,431
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 1,131

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 24.88%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $30,322 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 24.88%, Average Adjusted SGA = 601,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 30,322 * 24.88% +601 = $8145.471885 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = 7.59%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $8145.471885 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 8145.471885 * ( 1 - 7.59% ) = $7527.3527510068 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 1,547 * 0.5 * 7.59% = $58.689459 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 7527.3527510068 + 58.689459 = $7586.0422100068 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Qualcomm's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $1,354 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Qualcomm's current cash and cash equivalent = $8,238 Mil.
Qualcomm's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 15,431 + 1,446 = $16877 Mil.
Qualcomm's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 1,131 Mil.

Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Dec22 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 7586.0422100068 - 1,354)/ 9%+8,238-16877 )/1,131
=53.58

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 53.581625012347-132.93 )/53.581625012347
= -148.09%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Qualcomm  (NAS:QCOM) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Qualcomm Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Qualcomm's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Qualcomm (NAS:QCOM) Business Description

Qualcomm logo
Industry
Address
5775 Morehouse Drive, San Diego, CA, USA, 92121-1714
Qualcomm develops and licenses wireless technology and designs chips for smartphones. The company's key patents revolve around CDMA and OFDMA technologies, which are standards in wireless communications that are the backbone of all 3G and 4G networks. The firm is a leader in 5G network technology as well. Qualcomm's IP is licensed by virtually all wireless device makers. The firm is also the world's largest wireless chip vendor, supplying nearly every premier handset maker with leading-edge processors. Qualcomm also sells RF-front end modules into smartphones and chips into automotive and Internet of Things markets.
Executives
Neil Martin officer: SVP, Finance and CAO 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
James J Cathey officer: Chief Commercial Officer 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Ann C Chaplin officer: General Counsel&Corp Secretary 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Sylvia Acevedo director 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Gregory N Johnson director C/O INTUIT INC., 2700 COAST AVENUE, MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94043
Jean-pascal Tricoire director 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Jamie S Miller director GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, 5 NECCO STREET, BOSTON MA 02210
Heather S Ace officer: EVP, Human Resources 3721 VALLEY CENTRE DR SUITE 500, SAN DIEGO CA 92130
Akash J. Palkhiwala officer: SVP & Interim CFO 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
David Wise officer: Interim CFO 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Erin L Polek officer: SVP Corporate Controller & CAO 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Martin B Anstice director 4650 CUSHING PARKWAY, FREMONT CA 94538
Irene B Rosenfeld director 999 VANDERBILT BEACH ROAD, SUITE 601, NAPLES FL 34108
Steven M Mollenkopf director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
Neil Smit director C/O AMERICA ONLINE LATIN AMERICA, INC., 6600 N. ANDREWS AVE., SUITE 400, FT. LAUDERDALE FL 33309

Qualcomm (NAS:QCOM) Headlines

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