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Workday (NAS:WDAY) Earnings Power Value (EPV)

: $6.83 (As of Apr23)
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As of Apr23, Workday's earnings power value is $6.83. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -3045.58

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Workday Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Workday Annual Data
Trend Jan14 Jan15 Jan16 Jan17 Jan18 Jan19 Jan20 Jan21 Jan22 Jan23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -10.93 -12.01 -6.95 -2.04 4.85

Workday Quarterly Data
Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22 Oct22 Jan23 Apr23
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -0.44 -0.35 1.65 4.85 6.83

Competitive Comparison

For the Software - Application subindustry, Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Workday Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution

For the Software industry and Technology sector, Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls in comparison to its industry or sector. The grey bar indicates the Earnings Power Value (EPV)'s extreme value range as defined by GuruFocus.



Workday Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Workday's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 4,638
DDA 302
Operating Margin % -7.82
SGA * 25% 462
Tax Rate % -9.89
Maintenance Capex 210
Cash and Cash Equivalents 6,329
Short-Term Debt 95
Long-Term Debt 3,160
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 261

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = -7.82%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $4,638 Mil, Average Operating Margin = -7.82%, Average Adjusted SGA = 462,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 4,638 * -7.82% +462 = $99.067786784 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = -9.89%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $99.067786784 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 99.067786784 * ( 1 - -9.89% ) = $108.86905826948 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 302 * 0.5 * -9.89% = $-14.9184383305 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 108.86905826948 + -14.9184383305 = $93.950619938975 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Workday's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $210 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Workday's current cash and cash equivalent = $6,329 Mil.
Workday's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 3,160 + 95 = $3254.912 Mil.
Workday's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 261 Mil.

Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Apr23 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 93.950619938975 - 210)/ 9%+6,329-3254.912 )/261
=6.83

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 6.8349855160746-215.00 )/6.8349855160746
= -3045.58%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Workday  (NAS:WDAY) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Workday Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Workday's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Workday (NAS:WDAY) Business Description

Workday logo
Industry
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
6110 Stoneridge Mall Road, Pleasanton, CA, USA, 94588
Workday is a software company that offers human capital management, or HCM, financial management, and business planning solutions. Known for being a cloud-only software provider, Workday is headquartered in Pleasanton, California. Founded in 2005, Workday now employs over 12,000 employees.
Executives
Frederick Wayne A.i. director 500 W MAIN ST., LOUISVILLE KY 40202
David A Duffield 10 percent owner C/O WORKDAY, INC., 6230 STONERIDGE MALL ROAD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Michael M Mcnamara director C/O FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD, 2090 FORTUNE DRIVE, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Thomas F Bogan director C/O WORKDAY, INC., 6110 STONERIDGE MALL RD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Barbara A Larson officer: Chief Financial Officer 6110 STONERIDGE MALL ROAD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Douglas A. Robinson officer: Co-President 6110 STONERIDGE MALL ROAD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Lynne M Doughtie director C/O THE BOEING COMPANY, 100 RIVERSIDE PLAZA, MC 5003-1001, CHICAGO IL 60606-1596
Michael C Bush director 6110 STONERIDGE MALL ROAD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Richard Harry Sauer officer: EVP, General Counsel & Secty 6110 STONERIDGE MALL ROAD, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Ann Marie Campbell director 2455 PACES FERRY ROAD, ATLANTA GA 30339
Petros Dermetzis officer: Chief Products Officer 321 LIVORNA HEIGHTS ROAD, ALAMO CA 94507
Carl M. Eschenbach director C/O SEQUOIA CAPITAL, 2800 SAND HILL ROAD, SUITE 101, PALO ALTO CA 94025
Gomez Luciano Fernandez officer: Co-President 1A SHAWFIELD STREET,, RICHARDSON HOUSE, LONDON X0 SW3 4BA
Styslinger Lee J Iii director 2826 BALMORAL ROAD, BIRMINGHAM AL 35223
Robynne Sisco officer: Chief Financial Officer 3401 HILLVIEW AVENUE, PALO ALTO CA 94304

Workday (NAS:WDAY) Headlines

Other Sources

Workday Stock Could Outrun the Software Pack

By Yahoo Finance 2023-01-26