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GuruFocus has detected 7 Warning Signs with Energy Company of Minas Gerais $CIG.
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Energy Company of Minas Gerais (NYSE:CIG)
Gross Profit
$1,483 Mil (TTM As of Mar. 2017)

Energy Company of Minas Gerais's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was $470 Mil. Energy Company of Minas Gerais's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2017 was $1,483 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Energy Company of Minas Gerais's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was $470 Mil. Energy Company of Minas Gerais's revenue for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was $1,539 Mil. Therefore, Energy Company of Minas Gerais's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 was 30.55%.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais had a gross margin of 30.55% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 => Competition eroding margins

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Energy Company of Minas Gerais was 69.68%. The lowest was 23.13%. And the median was 34.71%.

Warning Sign:

Energy Company of Minas Gerais gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -6.7%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2016 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=5597.19737627 - 4302.3255814
=1,295

Energy Company of Minas Gerais's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2017 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=1538.90647482 - 1068.7638689
=470

Energy Company of Minas Gerais Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2017 was 328.670911959 (Jun. 2016 ) + 995.467847043 (Sep. 2016 ) + -311.52236136 (Dec. 2016 ) + 470.142605915 (Mar. 2017 ) = $1,483 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

Energy Company of Minas Gerais's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Mar. 2017 )=Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2017 ) / Revenue (Q: Mar. 2017 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=470 / 1538.90647482
=30.55 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Energy Company of Minas Gerais had a gross margin of 30.55% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 => Competition eroding margins


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Energy Company of Minas Gerais Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Gross_Profit 3,6813,7462,7202,8252,3852,1382,0362,5711,5681,295

Energy Company of Minas Gerais Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
Gross_Profit 760750484291401301329995-312470
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