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University Bancorp Inc  (OTCPK:UNIB) Operating Income: $6.13 Mil (TTM As of Dec. 2016)

University Bancorp Inc's Operating Income for the six months ended in Dec. 2016 was $6.13 Mil. ts operating income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $6.13 Mil.

Operating Margin % is calculated as Operating Income divided by its Revenue. University Bancorp Inc's Operating Income for the six months ended in Dec. 2016 was $6.13 Mil. University Bancorp Inc's Revenue for the six months ended in Dec. 2016 was $50.79 Mil. Therefore, University Bancorp Inc's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 was 12.07%.

University Bancorp Inc's 5-Year average Growth Rate for Operating Margin % was 0.00% per year.

Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition. University Bancorp Inc's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 was %. University Bancorp Inc's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 was 119.90%.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

University Bancorp Inc Annual Data

Dec02 Dec03 Dec04 Dec05 Dec06 Dec07 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 0.85 3.68 0.99 4.96 6.13

University Bancorp Inc Semi-Annual Data

Dec92 Dec93 Dec94 Dec95 Dec96 Dec97 Dec98 Dec99 Dec00 Dec01 Dec02 Dec03 Dec04 Dec05 Dec06 Dec07 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 0.85 3.68 0.99 4.96 6.13

Calculation

Operating income, is the profit a company earned through operations. All expenses, including cash expenses such as cost of goods sold (COGS), research & development, wages, and non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, depletion and amortization, have been deducted from the sales.

University Bancorp Inc's Operating Income for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Operating Income(A: Dec. 2016 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=50.788-0-42.4
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others
-0-1.002-1.256
=6.13

University Bancorp Inc's Operating Income for the quarter that ended in is calculated as

Operating Income(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=50.788-0-42.4
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others (1)
-0-1.002-1.256
=6.13

Operating Income(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=EBITDA-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others (2)
=7.132-1.002-0
=6.13

For stock reported semi-annually, GuruFocus uses latest annual data as the TTM data. Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $6.13 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

1. Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition.

University Bancorp Inc's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as:

ROC %(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate)/( (Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2015 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2016 ))/2)
=6.13 * ( 1 - 34.62% )/( (-44.918 + -21.995)/2)
=4.007794/-33.4565
= %

where

Invested Capital(Q: Dec. 2015 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=0 + 0 + 14.821 - 59.739
=-44.918

Invested Capital(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=2.353 + 0 + 18.076 - 42.424
=-21.995

Note: The Operating Income data used here is one times the annual (Dec. 2016) operating income data.

2. Joel Greenblatt's definition of Return on Capital:

University Bancorp Inc's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as:

ROC (Joel Greenblatt's)(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=EBIT/Average of (Net fixed Assets + Net Working Capital)
=EBIT/Average of (Property, Plant and Equipment+Net Working Capital)
     Q: Dec. 2015  Q: Dec. 2016
=EBIT/( ( (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) + (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) )/2 )
=6.13/( ( (4.854 + max(-59.739, 0)) + (5.371 + max(-42.424, 0)) )/2 )
=6.13/( ( 4.854 + 5.371 )/2 )
=6.13/5.1125
=119.90 %

where Working Capital is:

Working Capital(Q: Dec. 2015 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(1.258 + 0 + -60.997) - (4.661 + 0 + -4.661)
=-59.739

Working Capital(Q: Dec. 2016 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(1.649 + 0 + -44.073) - (6.192 + 0 + -6.192)
=-42.424

When net working capital is negative, 0 is used.

Note: The EBIT data used here is one times the annual (Dec. 2016) EBIT data.

3. Operating Income is also linked to Operating Margin:

University Bancorp Inc's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as:

Operating Margin %=Operating Income (Q: Dec. 2016 )/Revenue (Q: Dec. 2016 )
=6.13/50.788
=12.07 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

4. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the operating income growth rate using operating income per share data.


Be Aware

Compared with a company's EBITDA margin, Operating Margin can be manipulated by adjusting the rate of depreciation, depletion and amortization (DDA).

If a company is facing competition, its Operating Margin may decline. Often the Operating Margin declines well before the company's revenue or even profit decline. Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important indicator of whether the company is facing problems.

For instance, by 2012, Nokia (NOK)'s problems were well known and its stock had lost more than 90% of its market value since 2007. But Nokia's Operating Margin had already been in decline since 2002, although its earnings per share were still rising. Investors who paid attention to Operating Margin would have avoided this huge loss. The same can be said for Research-in-Motion (RIMM).

Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important screening filter for GuruFocus. GuruFocus's Buffett-Munger screener requires that the profit margin is either consistent or expanding. The Model Portfolio of the Buffett-Munger screener has outperformed the market every year since inception in 2009.


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