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HP Inc  (NYSE:HPQ) Operating Income: $3,222 Mil (TTM As of Jul. 2017)

HP Inc's Operating Income for the three months ended in Jul. 2017 was $1,041 Mil. ts operating income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was $3,222 Mil.

Warning Sign:

HP Inc had operating loss over the past 3 years.

Operating Margin % is calculated as Operating Income divided by its Revenue. HP Inc's Operating Income for the three months ended in Jul. 2017 was $1,041 Mil. HP Inc's Revenue for the three months ended in Jul. 2017 was $13,060 Mil. Therefore, HP Inc's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 was 7.97%.

HP Inc's 5-Year average Growth Rate for Operating Margin % was 0.00% per year.

Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition. HP Inc's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 was %. HP Inc's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 was 247.27%.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

HP Inc Annual Data

Oct07 Oct08 Oct09 Oct10 Oct11 Oct12 Oct13 Oct14 Oct15 Oct16
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -11,057.00 7,131.00 4,256.00 3,920.00 3,549.00

HP Inc Quarterly Data

Oct12 Jan13 Apr13 Jul13 Oct13 Jan14 Apr14 Jul14 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15 Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17
Operating Income Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 1,153.00 507.00 856.00 818.00 1,041.00

Calculation

Operating income, is the profit a company earned through operations. All expenses, including cash expenses such as cost of goods sold (COGS), research & development, wages, and non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, depletion and amortization, have been deducted from the sales.

HP Inc's Operating Income for the fiscal year that ended in Oct. 2016 is calculated as

Operating Income(A: Oct. 2016 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=48238-39240-3840
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others
-1209-332-68
=3,549

HP Inc's Operating Income for the quarter that ended in is calculated as

Operating Income(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=13060-10633-1097
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others (1)
-289-90--90
=1,041

Operating Income(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=EBITDA-Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization-Others (2)
=1131-90-0
=1,041

Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was 507 (Oct. 2016 ) + 856 (Jan. 2017 ) + 818 (Apr. 2017 ) + 1041 (Jul. 2017 ) = $3,222 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

1. Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt's definition.

HP Inc's annualized ROC % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 is calculated as:

ROC %(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate)/( (Invested Capital (Q: Apr. 2017 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Jul. 2017 ))/2)
=4164 * ( 1 - 22.58% )/( (-3358 + -4520)/2)
=3223.7688/-3939
= %

where

Invested Capital(Q: Apr. 2017 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=6710 + 110 + -3955 - 6223
=-3358

Invested Capital(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=6744 + 1062 + -4339 - 7987
=-4520

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Jul. 2017) operating income data.

2. Joel Greenblatt's definition of Return on Capital:

HP Inc's annualized ROC (Joel Greenblatt) % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 is calculated as:

ROC (Joel Greenblatt's)(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=EBIT/Average of (Net fixed Assets + Net Working Capital)
=EBIT/Average of (Property, Plant and Equipment+Net Working Capital)
     Q: Apr. 2017  Q: Jul. 2017
=EBIT/( ( (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) + (Property, Plant and Equipment + Net Working Capital) )/2 )
=4164/( ( (1661 + max(-6415, 0)) + (1707 + max(-7542, 0)) )/2 )
=4164/( ( 1661 + 1707 )/2 )
=4164/1684
=247.27 %

where Working Capital is:

Working Capital(Q: Apr. 2017 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(3771 + 4756 + 3552) - (16839 + 980 + 675)
=-6415

Working Capital(Q: Jul. 2017 )
=(Accounts Receivable + Total Inventories + Other Current Assets) - (Accounts Payable & Accrued Expense + Defer. Rev. + Other Current Liabilities)
=(4233 + 5184 + 4039) - (20001 + 997 + 0)
=-7542

When net working capital is negative, 0 is used.

Note: The EBIT data used here is four times the quarterly (Jul. 2017) EBIT data.

3. Operating Income is also linked to Operating Margin:

HP Inc's Operating Margin % for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 is calculated as:

Operating Margin %=Operating Income (Q: Jul. 2017 )/Revenue (Q: Jul. 2017 )
=1041/13060
=7.97 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

4. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the operating income growth rate using operating income per share data.


Be Aware

Compared with a company's EBITDA margin, Operating Margin can be manipulated by adjusting the rate of depreciation, depletion and amortization (DDA).

If a company is facing competition, its Operating Margin may decline. Often the Operating Margin declines well before the company's revenue or even profit decline. Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important indicator of whether the company is facing problems.

For instance, by 2012, Nokia (NOK)'s problems were well known and its stock had lost more than 90% of its market value since 2007. But Nokia's Operating Margin had already been in decline since 2002, although its earnings per share were still rising. Investors who paid attention to Operating Margin would have avoided this huge loss. The same can be said for Research-in-Motion (RIMM).

Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important screening filter for GuruFocus. GuruFocus's Buffett-Munger screener requires that the profit margin is either consistent or expanding. The Model Portfolio of the Buffett-Munger screener has outperformed the market every year since inception in 2009.


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