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Bank of Montreal  (NYSE:BMO) ROC %: 67.45% (As of Jul. 2017)

Return on capital measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. Bank of Montreal's annualized return on capital (ROC) for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 was 67.45%.

As of today, Bank of Montreal's WACC % is 12.86%. Bank of Montreal's return on capital is 77.36% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Bank of Montreal generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Bank of Montreal Annual Data

 Oct07 Oct08 Oct09 Oct10 Oct11 Oct12 Oct13 Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 ROC % 50.54 73.94 100.77 256.22 127.38

Bank of Montreal Quarterly Data

 Oct12 Jan13 Apr13 Jul13 Oct13 Jan14 Apr14 Jul14 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15 Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17 ROC % 895.43 92.67 68.05 69.53 67.45

Calculation

Bank of Montreal's annualized Return on Capital (ROC) for the fiscal year that ended in Oct. 2016 is calculated as:

 Return on Capital (ROC) (A: Oct. 2016 ) = NOPAT / Average Invested Capital = Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate) / ( (Invested Capital (A: Oct. 2015 ) + Invested Capital (A: Oct. 2016 )) /2) = 4325.71126707 * ( 1 - 19.21% ) / ( (-2561.1995104 + 8048.44917365) /2) = 3494.74213267 / 2743.62483162 = 127.38 %

 Invested Capital (A: Oct. 2015 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Minority Interest + Total Equity - Cash = 3378.2129743 + 0 + 375.611995104 + 30157.5887393 - 36472.6132191 = -2561.1995104

 Invested Capital (A: Oct. 2016 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Minority Interest + Total Equity - Cash = 3349.9358539 + 0 + 18.1118406158 + 31925.1377255 - 27244.7362463 = 8048.44917365

Bank of Montreal's annualized Return on Capital (ROC) for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 is calculated as:

 Return on Capital (ROC) (Q: Jul. 2017 ) = NOPAT / Average Invested Capital = Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate) / ( (Invested Capital (Q: Apr. 2017 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Jul. 2017 )) /2) = 5654.8463357 * ( 1 - 22.69% ) / ( (5464.7614795 + 7498.8179669) /2) = 4371.76170213 / 6481.7897232 = 67.45 %

where

 Invested Capital (Q: {Q2}) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Minority Interest + Total Equity - Cash = 3213.51492149 + 0 + 0 + 33424.8716231 - 31173.6250651 = 5464.7614795

 Invested Capital (Q: Jul. 2017 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Current Portion of Long-Term Debt + Minority Interest + Total Equity - Cash = 3989.75571316 + 0 + 0 + 33832.9393223 - 30323.8770686 = 7498.8179669

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Jul. 2017) operating income data.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

Return on Capital measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. The reason book values of debt and equity are used is because the book values are the capital the company received when issuing the debt or receiving the equity investments.

There are four key components to this definition. The first is the use of operating income rather than net income in the numerator. The second is the tax adjustment to this operating income, computed as a hypothetical tax based on an effective or marginal tax rate. The third is the use of book values for invested capital, rather than market values. The final is the timing difference; the capital invested is from the end of the prior year whereas the operating income is the current year's number.

Why is Return on Capital important?

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Bank of Montreal's WACC % is 12.86%. Bank of Montreal's return on capital is {stock_data.stock.roic}}% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Bank of Montreal generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.

Be Aware

Like ROE and ROA, ROC is calculated with only 12 months of data. Fluctuations in the company's earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.

Related Terms