Switch to:

# UnitedHealth Group ROC %

: 16.91% (As of Dec. 2019)
View and export this data going back to 1984. Start your Free Trial

Return on capital measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. UnitedHealth Group's annualized return on capital (ROC) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2019 was 16.91%.

As of today (2020-02-17), UnitedHealth Group's WACC % is 5.67%. UnitedHealth Group's return on capital is 17.27% (calculated using TTM income statement data). UnitedHealth Group generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.

## UnitedHealth Group ROC % Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

 UnitedHealth Group Annual Data Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 ROC % 12.66 13.04 17.67 17.39 17.25

 UnitedHealth Group Quarterly Data Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 ROC % 17.14 18.50 16.50 17.25 16.91

## UnitedHealth Group ROC % Calculation

UnitedHealth Group's annualized Return on Capital (ROC) for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2019 is calculated as:

 Return on Capital (ROC) (A: Dec. 2019 ) = NOPAT / Average Invested Capital = Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate) / ( (Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2018 ) + Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2019 )) /2) = 17799 * ( 1 - 20.81% ) / ( (76549 + 86869) /2) = 14095.0281 / 81709 = 17.25 %

 Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2018 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Minority Interest + Total Stockholders Equity - Cash = 34581 + 1973 + 2623 + 51696 - 14324 = 76549

 Invested Capital (A: Dec. 2019 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Minority Interest + Total Stockholders Equity - Cash = 36808 + 3870 + 0 + 60436 - 14245 = 86869

UnitedHealth Group's annualized Return on Capital (ROC) for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2019 is calculated as:

 Return on Capital (ROC) (Q: Dec. 2019 ) = NOPAT / Average Invested Capital = Operating Income*(1-Tax Rate) / ( (Invested Capital (Q: Sep. 2019 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2019 )) /2) = 18648 * ( 1 - 21.25% ) / ( (86832 + 86869) /2) = 14685.3 / 86850.5 = 16.91 %

where

 Invested Capital (Q: {Q2}) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Minority Interest + Total Stockholders Equity - Cash = 38507 + 6387 + 2760 + 54996 - 15818 = 86832

 Invested Capital (Q: Dec. 2019 ) = Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Minority Interest + Total Stockholders Equity - Cash = 36808 + 3870 + 0 + 60436 - 14245 = 86869

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Dec. 2019) data.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

UnitedHealth Group  (NYSE:UNH) ROC % Explanation

Return on Capital measures how well a company generates cash flow relative to the capital it has invested in its business. It is also called ROIC %. The reason book values of debt and equity are used is because the book values are the capital the company received when issuing the debt or receiving the equity investments.

There are four key components to this definition. The first is the use of operating income or EBIT rather than net income in the numerator. The second is the tax adjustment to this operating income or EBIT, computed as a hypothetical tax based on an effective or marginal tax rate. The third is the use of book values for invested capital, rather than market values. The final is the timing difference; the capital invested is from the end of the prior year whereas the operating income or EBIT is the current year's number.

Why is Return on Capital important?

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, UnitedHealth Group's WACC % is 5.67%. UnitedHealth Group's return on capital is {stock_data.stock.roic}}% (calculated using TTM income statement data). UnitedHealth Group generates higher returns on investment than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment. It is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases.

Be Aware

Like ROE and ROA, ROC is calculated with only 12 months of data. Fluctuations in the company's earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.

## UnitedHealth Group ROC % Headlines

From GuruFocus

###### Redmile Group, LLC Buys Biogen Inc, Principia Biopharma Inc, Boston Scientific Corp, Sells Alder BioPharmaceuticals Inc, Alexion Pharmaceuticals Inc, Audentes Therapeutics Inc

By insider about UNH 2020-02-17 12:38:10

###### Consulta Ltd Buys UnitedHealth Group Inc, Alphabet Inc, Delta Air Lines Inc, Sells The Howard Hughes Corp, JPMorgan Chase, Sensata Technologies Holding PLC

By insider about UNH 2020-02-17 11:38:03

Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to \$400 per referral. ( Learn More)
/* */