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Research Frontiers ROE %

: 2.03% (As of Sep. 2021)
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ROE % is calculated as Net Income attributable to Common Stockholders (Net Income minus dividends to participating security holders) divided by its average Total Stockholders Equity over a certain period of time. Research Frontiers's annualized net income attributable to common stockholders for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 was $0.09 Mil. Research Frontiers's average Total Stockholders Equity over the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 was $4.34 Mil. Therefore, Research Frontiers's annualized ROE % for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 was 2.03%.

The historical rank and industry rank for Research Frontiers's ROE % or its related term are showing as below:

NAS:REFR' s ROE % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -94.81   Med: -53.51   Max: -34.68
Current: -39.32

-94.81
-34.68

During the past 13 years, Research Frontiers's highest ROE % was -34.68%. The lowest was -94.81%. And the median was -53.51%.

NAS:REFR's ROE % is ranked lower than
93% of the 2277 Companies
in the Hardware industry.

( Industry Median: 7.03 vs. NAS:REFR: -39.32 )

Research Frontiers ROE % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Research Frontiers's ROE % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Research Frontiers Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
ROE %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -60.63 -64.61 -94.81 -75.02 -37.81

Research Frontiers Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
ROE % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -28.46 -63.02 -43.76 -45.99 2.03

Competitive Comparison

For the Electronic Components subindustry, Research Frontiers's ROE %, along with its competitors' market caps and ROE % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Research Frontiers ROE % Distribution

For the Hardware industry and Technology sector, Research Frontiers's ROE % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Research Frontiers's ROE % falls into.



Research Frontiers ROE % Calculation

Research Frontiers's annualized ROE % for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2020 is calculated as

ROE %=Net Income attributable to Common Stockholders (A: Dec. 2020 )/( (Total Stockholders Equity (A: Dec. 2019 )+Total Stockholders Equity (A: Dec. 2020 ))/ count )
=-2.341/( (7.056+5.327)/ 2 )
=-2.341/6.1915
=-37.81 %

Research Frontiers's annualized ROE % for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 is calculated as

ROE %=Net Income attributable to Common Stockholders (Q: Sep. 2021 )/( (Total Stockholders Equity (Q: Jun. 2021 )+Total Stockholders Equity (Q: Sep. 2021 ))/ count )
=0.088/( (4.328+4.35)/ 2 )
=0.088/4.339
=2.03 %

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

In the calculation of annual ROE %, the net income attributable to common stockholders of the last fiscal year and the average total shareholder equity over the fiscal year are used. In calculating the quarterly data, the net income attributable to common stockholders data used here is four times the quarterly (Sep. 2021) net income attributable to common stockholders data. ROE % is displayed in the 30-year financial page.


Research Frontiers  (NAS:REFR) ROE % Explanation

ROE % measures the rate of return on the ownership interest (shareholder's equity) of the common stock owners. It measures a firm's efficiency at generating profits from every unit of shareholders' equity (also known as net assets or assets minus liabilities). ROE % shows how well a company uses investment funds to generate earnings growth. ROE %s between 15% and 20% are considered desirable.

The factors that affect a company's ROE % can be illustrated with the three-step DuPont Analysis:

ROE %**(Q: Sep. 2021 )
=Net Income/Total Stockholders Equity
=0.088/4.339
=(Net Income / Revenue )*(Revenue / Total Assets)*(Total Assets / Total Stockholders Equity)
=(0.088 / 2.892)*(2.892 / 5.1615)*(5.1615 / 4.339)
=Net Margin %*Asset Turnover*Equity Multiplier
=3.04 %*0.5603*1.1896
=ROA %*Equity Multiplier
=1.7 %*1.1896
=2.03 %

With this breakdown, it is clear that if a company grows its Net Profit Margin, its Asset Turnover, or its Leverage, it can grow its ROE %.

The factors that affect a company's ROE % can also be illustrated with the five-step DuPont Analysis:

ROE %**(Q: Sep. 2021 )
=Net Income/Total Stockholders Equity
=0.088/4.339
=(Net Income /Pre-Tax Income) * (Pre-Tax Income/Operating Income) * (Operating Income/Revenue) * (Revenue/Total Assets) * (Total Assets/Total Stockholders Equity)
= (0.088 / 0.088) * (0.088 / 0.068) * (0.068 / 2.892) * (2.892 / 5.1615) * (5.1615 / 4.339)
= Tax Burden * Interest Burden * Operating Margin % * Asset Turnover * Equity Multiplier
= 1 * 1.2941 * 2.35 % * 0.5603 * 1.1896
=2.03 %

Note: The net income attributable to common stockholders data used here is four times the quarterly (Sep. 2021) net income attributable to common stockholders data. The Revenue data used here is four times the quarterly (Sep. 2021) revenue data. The same rule applies to Pre-Tax Income and Operating Income.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

** The ROE % used above is for Du Pont Analysis only. It is different from the defined ROE % page on our website, as here it uses Net Income instead of Net Income attributable to Common Stockholders in the calculation.


Be Aware

Net income attributable to common stockholders is used.

Because a company can increase its ROE % by having more financial leverage, it is important to watch the equity multiplier when investing in high ROE % companies. Like ROA %, ROE % is calculated with only 12 months data. Fluctuations in company's earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.

Asset light businesses require very few assets to generate very high earnings. Their ROE %s can be extremely high.


Research Frontiers ROE % Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Research Frontiers's ROE % provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Research Frontiers Business Description

Research Frontiers logo
Industry
Technology » Hardware NAICS : 334419 SIC : 3679
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
240 Crossways Park Drive, Woodbury, NY, USA, 11797-2033
Research Frontiers Inc is engaged in the development and marketing of technology and devices to control the flow of light. The company develops and licenses its patented suspended particle device (SPD-Smart) light-control technology to other companies that manufacture and market the SPD-Smart chemical emulsion, the light-control film made from the chemical emulsion, the light-control panels made by laminating the film, electronics to power end-products incorporating the film, or lamination services for, and the end-products. The company's revenue source comes from the licensing of technology.
Executives
Douglas Family Trust 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
James & Jean Douglas Irrevocable Descendants Trust 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
Douglas Kevin 10 percent owner, other: 13(d)(3) group 125 E. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE BLVD. SUITE 400 LARKSPUR CA 94939
Settle William Graham director 6003 COBRIDGE SQUARE RALEIGH NC 27609
Lapointe Michael R officer: VP-Marketing PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: LAPOINTE MICHAEL R a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Harary Joseph M director, officer: President and CEO PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: HARARY JOSEPH M a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Van Voorhees Seth officer: CFO & VP-Business Development 12 HARVEY DRIVE SHORT HILLS NJ 07078
Daigle Darryl director 3213 WYTCHWOOD DRIVE MORGAN CITY LA 70380
Kaganowicz Alexander director 1217 CARLLS STRAIGHT PATH DIX HILLS NY 11746
Grimes Gregory George director 24 FIFTH AVENUE APT. 1530 NEW YORK NY 10011
Slovak Steven Michael officer: Vice President-Technology 240 CROSSWAYS PARK DRIVE WOODBURY NY 11797
Saxe Robert L director, officer: Chairman of the Board PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: SAXE ROBERT L a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Keen Victor F director C/O RESEARCH FRONTIERS INC. 240 CROSSWAYS PARK DRIVE WOODBURY NY 11797
Guthrie Marion Philip director THREE LINCOLN CENTRE 5430 LBJ FWY., SUITE 1480 DALLAS TX 75240
Derby Jack director 399 BOYLSTON STREET BOSTON MA 02117

Research Frontiers Headlines

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