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GuruFocus has detected 2 Warning Signs with CarMax Inc $KMX.
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CarMax Inc (NYSE:KMX)
Retained Earnings
$1,934 Mil (As of May. 2017)

Retained earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. CarMax Inc's retained earnings for the quarter that ended in May. 2017 was $1,934 Mil.

CarMax Inc's quarterly retained earnings increased from Nov. 2016 ($1,821 Mil) to Feb. 2017 ($1,883 Mil) and increased from Feb. 2017 ($1,883 Mil) to May. 2017 ($1,934 Mil).

CarMax Inc's annual retained earnings declined from Feb. 2015 ($1,994 Mil) to Feb. 2016 ($1,747 Mil) but then increased from Feb. 2016 ($1,747 Mil) to Feb. 2017 ($1,883 Mil).


Retained Earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Because the net income was not distributed to shareholders, shareholders’ equity is increased by the same amount.

Of course, if a company loses, it is called retained losses, or accumulated losses.


Historically profitable companies sometimes have negative retained earnings. This is because they have cumulatively paid out more to shareholders than they reported in profits.

For example, in 2011, Microsoft had negative retained earnings. This does not mean the company lost more money than it made over the years. It just means it paid out more money than it earned.

If a company has negative retained earnings, investors should check the 10-year financial results. They should not assume that negative retained earnings prove a company has generally lost money in the past.

Of course, many companies with negative retained earnings have indeed lost money in the past.

Retained Earnings: Warren Buffett’s Secret.

One of the most important indicators of durable competitive advantage. Net earnings can be paid out as dividends, used to buy back shares or retained for growth.

If the company loses more than it has accumulated, retained earnings is negative.

If a company isn’t adding to its retained earnings, it isn’t growing its net worth.

Rate of growth of retained earnings is good indicator whether it’s benefiting from a competitive advantage.

Microsoft is negative because it chose to buyback stock and pay dividends.

The more earnings retained, the faster it grows and increases growth rate for future earnings.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

CarMax Inc Annual Data

Retained Earnings 7558141,0951,3831,7451,9942,2141,9941,7471,883

CarMax Inc Quarterly Data

Retained Earnings 1,9942,0672,0131,7431,7471,8061,8581,8211,8831,934
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