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Libbey Inc  (AMEX:LBY) Selling, General, & Admin. Expense: \$122.8 Mil (TTM As of Jun. 2017)

Selling, general, & admin. expense (SGA) includes the direct and indirect costs and all general and administrative expenses of a company. Libbey Inc's selling, general, & admin. expense for the three months ended in Jun. 2017 was \$33.7 Mil. Its selling, general, & admin. expense for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2017 was \$122.8 Mil.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Libbey Inc Annual Data

 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Selling, General, & Admin. Expense 113.90 109.98 121.91 132.61 120.98

Libbey Inc Quarterly Data

 Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Selling, General, & Admin. Expense 30.67 28.54 27.64 32.98 33.68

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.

Calculation

Selling, General, & Admin. Expense (SGA) includes the direct and indirect costs and all general and administrative expenses of a company. For instance, personnel cost, advertising, rent, communication costs are all part of SGA.

Selling, General, & Admin. Expense for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2017 was 28.54 (Sep. 2016 ) + 27.636 (Dec. 2016 ) + 32.975 (Mar. 2017 ) + 33.676 (Jun. 2017 ) = \$122.8 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

An efficient operation keeps SGA costs low and thus has higher profit margin. The percentage of SGA relative to total revenue is an indication of how efficiently the company operates. Compare this percentage among the companies in the same industry is a good way of finding more efficient operations. A comparison of the SGA cost relative to the revenue with the historical value can also be an indication of how efficient the company has become.

Warren Buffett likes companies with consistent SGA as the percentage of gross profit.

Companies with no durable competitive advantage show wild variation in SG&A as % of Gross Profit.

If SGA is less than 30% of Gross Profit, it is fantastic. If SGA is nearing 100%, it is is in highly competitive industry.

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