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Barnes & Noble Inc  (NYSE:BKS) Enterprise Value: $581 Mil (As of Today)

Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price. It is more comprehensive than market capitalization (market cap), which only includes common equity. Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

EV-to-EBIT is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT. As of today, Barnes & Noble Inc's enterprise value is $581 Mil. Barnes & Noble Inc's EBIT for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was $60 Mil. Therefore, Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/EBIT ratio for today is 9.60.

EV-to-EBITDA is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA. As of today, Barnes & Noble Inc's enterprise value is $581 Mil. Barnes & Noble Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was $176 Mil. Therefore, Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/EBITDA ratio for today is 3.30.

EV-to-Revenue is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue. As of today, Barnes & Noble Inc's enterprise value is $581 Mil. Barnes & Noble Inc's Revenue for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was $3,834 Mil. Therefore, Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/Revenue ratio for today is 0.15.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Barnes & Noble Inc Annual Data

Jan08 Jan09 Apr10 Apr11 Apr12 Apr13 Apr14 Apr15 Apr16 Apr17
Enterprise Value Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 614.00 813.59 902.18 894.52 672.53

Barnes & Noble Inc Quarterly Data

Oct12 Jan13 Apr13 Jul13 Oct13 Jan14 Apr14 Jul14 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15 Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17
Enterprise Value Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 1,012.09 919.80 736.48 672.53 663.24

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

Barnes & Noble Inc's Enterprise Value for the fiscal year that ended in Apr. 2017 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (A: Apr. 2017 )
=Market Cap (M)+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=619.6185+0+64.9
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash And Cash Equivalents
+0+0-11.993
=673

Barnes & Noble Inc's Enterprise Value for the quarter that ended in Jul. 2017 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (Q: Jul. 2017 )
=Market Cap (M)+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=591.1195+0+84.1
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash And Cash Equivalents
+0+0-11.978
=663

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

When an investor buy a company, the investor needs to pay not only the common shares, he/she also needs to pay the shareholders of Preferred Stocks. He also assumes the debt of the company, and receives the cash on the company's balance sheet.

If a company has more cash than debt, the investor actually pays less than the Market Cap (M) because he immediately owns the cash once the transaction goes through.

The market value of Preferred Stock needs to be added to the market value of common stocks in the calculation of enterprise value.

For the companies with the same Market Cap (M), the smaller the Enterprise Value is, the cheaper the company is.

Enterprise Value can be negative when the company's net cash is more than its Market Cap (M). In this case the investor is basically getting the company for free and get paid for that.

1. EV-to-EBIT is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT.

Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/EBIT for today is

EV-to-EBIT=Enterprise Value (Today)/EBIT (TTM)
=580.521/60.485
=9.60

Barnes & Noble Inc's current Enterprise Value is $581 Mil.
Barnes & Noble Inc's EBIT for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was -29.265 (Oct. 2016 ) + 128.787 (Jan. 2017 ) + -23.825 (Apr. 2017 ) + -15.212 (Jul. 2017 ) = $60 Mil.

2. EV-to-EBITDA is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA.

Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/EBITDA for today is:

EV-to-EBITDA=Enterprise Value (Today)/EBITDA(TTM)
=580.521/175.687
=3.30

Barnes & Noble Inc's current Enterprise Value is $581 Mil.
Barnes & Noble Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was 1.215 (Oct. 2016 ) + 158.332 (Jan. 2017 ) + 4.467 (Apr. 2017 ) + 11.673 (Jul. 2017 ) = $176 Mil.

3. EV-to-Revenue is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue.

Barnes & Noble Inc's EV/Revenue for today is:

EV-to-Revenue=Enterprise Value (Today)/Revenue (TTM)
=580.521/3833.992
=0.15

Barnes & Noble Inc's current Enterprise Value is $581 Mil.
Barnes & Noble Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jul. 2017 was 858.548 (Oct. 2016 ) + 1300.908 (Jan. 2017 ) + 821.22 (Apr. 2017 ) + 853.316 (Jul. 2017 ) = $3,834 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


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