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TSR Inc  (NAS:TSRI) Enterprise Value: $7.45 Mil (As of Today)

Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price. It is more comprehensive than market capitalization (market cap), which only includes common equity. Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

EV-to-EBIT is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT. As of today, TSR Inc's enterprise value is $7.45 Mil. TSR Inc's EBIT for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was $0.55 Mil. Therefore, TSR Inc's EV/EBIT ratio for today is 13.46.

EV-to-EBITDA is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA. As of today, TSR Inc's enterprise value is $7.45 Mil. TSR Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was $0.57 Mil. Therefore, TSR Inc's EV/EBITDA ratio for today is 13.02.

EV-to-Revenue is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue. As of today, TSR Inc's enterprise value is $7.45 Mil. TSR Inc's Revenue for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was $64.37 Mil. Therefore, TSR Inc's EV/Revenue ratio for today is 0.12.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

TSR Inc Annual Data

May08 May09 May10 May11 May12 May13 May14 May15 May16 May17
Enterprise Value Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 2.39 1.74 2.97 1.42 7.68

TSR Inc Quarterly Data

Nov12 Feb13 May13 Aug13 Nov13 Feb14 May14 Aug14 Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17
Enterprise Value Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.77 4.84 4.60 7.68 3.04

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

TSR Inc's Enterprise Value for the fiscal year that ended in May. 2017 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (A: May. 2017 )
=Market Cap (M)+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=14.406+0+0
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash And Cash Equivalents
+0+0.021-6.745
=7.68

TSR Inc's Enterprise Value for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2017 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (Q: Aug. 2017 )
=Market Cap (M)+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=8.33+0+0
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash And Cash Equivalents
+0+0.036-5.331
=3.04

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

When an investor buy a company, the investor needs to pay not only the common shares, he/she also needs to pay the shareholders of Preferred Stocks. He also assumes the debt of the company, and receives the cash on the company's balance sheet.

If a company has more cash than debt, the investor actually pays less than the Market Cap (M) because he immediately owns the cash once the transaction goes through.

The market value of Preferred Stock needs to be added to the market value of common stocks in the calculation of enterprise value.

For the companies with the same Market Cap (M), the smaller the Enterprise Value is, the cheaper the company is.

Enterprise Value can be negative when the company's net cash is more than its Market Cap (M). In this case the investor is basically getting the company for free and get paid for that.

1. EV-to-EBIT is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT.

TSR Inc's EV/EBIT for today is

EV-to-EBIT=Enterprise Value (Today)/EBIT (TTM)
=7.445/0.553
=13.46

TSR Inc's current Enterprise Value is $7.45 Mil.
TSR Inc's EBIT for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was 0.245 (Nov. 2016 ) + -0.119 (Feb. 2017 ) + 0.151 (May. 2017 ) + 0.276 (Aug. 2017 ) = $0.55 Mil.

2. EV-to-EBITDA is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA.

TSR Inc's EV/EBITDA for today is:

EV-to-EBITDA=Enterprise Value (Today)/EBITDA(TTM)
=7.445/0.572
=13.02

TSR Inc's current Enterprise Value is $7.45 Mil.
TSR Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was 0.251 (Nov. 2016 ) + -0.116 (Feb. 2017 ) + 0.156 (May. 2017 ) + 0.281 (Aug. 2017 ) = $0.57 Mil.

3. EV-to-Revenue is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue.

TSR Inc's EV/Revenue for today is:

EV-to-Revenue=Enterprise Value (Today)/Revenue (TTM)
=7.445/64.367
=0.12

TSR Inc's current Enterprise Value is $7.45 Mil.
TSR Inc's EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2017 was 15.043 (Nov. 2016 ) + 15.39 (Feb. 2017 ) + 16.897 (May. 2017 ) + 17.037 (Aug. 2017 ) = $64.37 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


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