Switch to:
GuruFocus has detected 2 Warning Signs with Alkermes PLC $ALKS.
More than 500,000 people have already joined GuruFocus to track the stocks they follow and exchange investment ideas.
Alkermes PLC (NAS:ALKS)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Alkermes PLC has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ALKS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Max: 9
Current: 4

1
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Alkermes PLC was 9. The lowest was 1. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar17) TTM:Last Year (Mar16) TTM:
Net Income was -47.193 + -62.687 + -21.141 + -68.881 = $-199.9 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -28.878 + 14.732 + 7.558 + -13.747 = $-20.3 Mil.
Revenue was 195.165 + 180.241 + 213.513 + 191.778 = $780.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 161.167 + 144.785 + 178.556 + 151.366 = $635.9 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar16)
to the end of this year (Mar17) was
(1794.887 + 1785.286 + 1707.376 + 1726.423 + 1729.827) / 5 = $1748.7598 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar16) was $1,794.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $280.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $758.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $210.7 Mil.
Net Income was -46.109 + -81.015 + -69.382 + -77.423 = $-273.9 Mil.

Revenue was 151.37 + 152.653 + 163.098 + 156.774 = $623.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 120.952 + 118.847 + 128.307 + 129.063 = $497.2 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar15)
to the end of last year (Mar16) was
(1924.774 + 1914.676 + 1880.955 + 1855.744 + 1794.887) / 5 = $1874.2072 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar15) was $1,924.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $283.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $838.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $224.1 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Alkermes PLC's current net income (TTM) was -199.9. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Alkermes PLC's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was -20.3. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=-199.902/1794.887
=-0.11137303

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=-273.929/1924.774
=-0.14231749

Alkermes PLC's return on assets of this year was -0.11137303. Alkermes PLC's return on assets of last year was -0.14231749. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Alkermes PLC's current net income (TTM) was -199.9. Alkermes PLC's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was -20.3. ==> -20.3 > -199.9 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar16 to Mar17
=280.109/1748.7598
=0.1601758

Gearing (Last Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=283.664/1874.2072
=0.15135146

Alkermes PLC's gearing of this year was 0.1601758. Alkermes PLC's gearing of last year was 0.15135146. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=758.851/210.742
=3.60085318

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=838.56/224.131
=3.74138339

Alkermes PLC's current ratio of this year was 3.60085318. Alkermes PLC's current ratio of last year was 3.74138339. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Alkermes PLC's number of shares in issue this year was 152.7. Alkermes PLC's number of shares in issue last year was 150.8. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=635.874/780.697
=0.81449525

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=497.169/623.895
=0.79687928

Alkermes PLC's gross margin of this year was 0.81449525. Alkermes PLC's gross margin of last year was 0.79687928. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=780.697/1794.887
=0.43495607

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=623.895/1924.774
=0.32413935

Alkermes PLC's asset turnover of this year was 0.43495607. Alkermes PLC's asset turnover of last year was 0.32413935. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+0+1+1+0+0+0+1+1
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Alkermes PLC has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Alkermes PLC Annual Data

Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Dec16
Question 1 11100010
Question 2 11100010
Question 3 11000011
Question 4 10011111
Question 5 11111010
Question 6 11001011
Question 7 11110000
Question 8 01100011
Question 9 10101101
F-score 87634275

Alkermes PLC Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
Question 1 00000000
Question 2 10000000
Question 3 00000011
Question 4 11111111
Question 5 11111000
Question 6 10000010
Question 7 01000000
Question 8 11111111
Question 9 00001111
F-score 54334354
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)
FEEDBACK