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Airgas Inc  (NYSE:ARG) Piotroski F-Score: 0 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Airgas Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Airgas Inc Annual Data

Mar07 Mar08 Mar09 Mar10 Mar11 Mar12 Mar13 Mar14 Mar15 Mar16
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.00 7.00 6.00 7.00 5.00

Airgas Inc Quarterly Data

Jun11 Sep11 Dec11 Mar12 Jun12 Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.00 4.00 6.00 5.00 5.00

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Net Income was 88.235 + 98.034 + 73.864 + 77.367 = $338 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 223.743 + 147.918 + 140.863 + 231.411 = $744 Mil.
Revenue was 1349.71 + 1374.569 + 1295.414 + 1294.084 = $5,314 Mil.
Gross Profit was 752.544 + 773.396 + 741.832 + 744.407 = $3,012 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar15)
to the end of this year (Mar16) was
(5973.61 + 6054.777 + 6163.938 + 6180.874 + 6134.956) / 5 = $6101.631 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year ({FiscalYear0}) was $5,974 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,955 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,384 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,148 Mil.
Total Assets was 88.852 + 98.312 + 93.199 + 87.723 = $368 Mil.

Revenue was 1313.587 + 1357.755 + 1331.82 + 1301.723 = $5,305 Mil.
Gross Profit was 730.181 + 757.221 + 742.887 + 718.721 = $2,949 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar14)
to the end of last year (Mar15) was
(5793.314 + 5872.084 + 5904.774 + 5989.981 + 5973.61) / 5 = $5906.7526 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar14) was $5,793 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,749 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,416 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,129 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Airgas Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was {NetIncome0_f}. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Airgas Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 744. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Mar15)
=337.5/5973.61
=0.0564985

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Mar14)
=368.086/5793.314
=0.06353635

Airgas Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.0564985. Airgas Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.06353635. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Airgas Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was 338. Airgas Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 744. ==> 744 > 338 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Mar15 to Mar16
=1954.82/6101.631
=0.32037663

Gearing (Last Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Mar14 to Mar15
=1748.662/5906.7526
=0.29604456

Airgas Inc's gearing of this year was 0.32037663. Airgas Inc's gearing of last year was 0.29604456. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1384.198/1147.834
=1.20592176

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1415.684/1129.047
=1.25387517

Airgas Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.20592176. Airgas Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.25387517. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Airgas Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 74.4. Airgas Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 75.9. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3012.179/5313.777
=0.56686214

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2949.01/5304.885
=0.5559046

Airgas Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.56686214. Airgas Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.5559046. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar15)
=5313.777/5973.61
=0.889542

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar14)
=5304.885/5793.314
=0.91569092

Airgas Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.889542. Airgas Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.91569092. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+1+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Airgas Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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