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GuruFocus has detected 4 Warning Signs with athenahealth Inc $ATHN.
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athenahealth Inc (NAS:ATHN)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

athenahealth Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

ATHN' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 7

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of athenahealth Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar17) TTM:Last Year (Mar16) TTM:
Net Income was -1.915 + 13.941 + 9.807 + -1.4 = $20 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 73.695 + 53.978 + 46.627 + 8.8 = $183 Mil.
Revenue was 261.939 + 276.671 + 288.141 + 285.4 = $1,112 Mil.
Gross Profit was 158.048 + 173.433 + 67.159 + 141 = $540 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar16)
to the end of this year (Mar17) was
(1085.312 + 1119.765 + 1154.688 + 1189.2 + 1206.1) / 5 = $1151.013 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar16) was $1,085 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $269 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $304 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $165 Mil.
Net Income was 9.349 + 5.795 + 7.688 + -0.8 = $22 Mil.

Revenue was 224.694 + 236.068 + 257.504 + 256.1 = $974 Mil.
Gross Profit was 134.795 + 141.218 + 64.61 + 123.7 = $464 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar15)
to the end of last year (Mar16) was
(968.947 + 1052.202 + 1091.402 + 1118.7 + 1085.312) / 5 = $1063.3126 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar15) was $969 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $284 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $283 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $161 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

athenahealth Inc's current net income (TTM) was 20. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

athenahealth Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 183. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=20.433/1085.312
=0.01882684

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=22.032/968.947
=0.02273809

athenahealth Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.01882684. athenahealth Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.02273809. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

athenahealth Inc's current net income (TTM) was 20. athenahealth Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 183. ==> 183 > 20 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar16 to Mar17
=269.1/1151.013
=0.23379406

Gearing (Last Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=283.721/1063.3126
=0.26682746

athenahealth Inc's gearing of this year was 0.23379406. athenahealth Inc's gearing of last year was 0.26682746. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=303.7/165.2
=1.83837772

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=283.128/161.322
=1.75504891

athenahealth Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.83837772. athenahealth Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.75504891. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

athenahealth Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 39.6. athenahealth Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 39. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=539.64/1112.151
=0.48522188

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=464.323/974.366
=0.47653859

athenahealth Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.48522188. athenahealth Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.47653859. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=1112.151/1085.312
=1.02472929

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=974.366/968.947
=1.00559267

athenahealth Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.02472929. athenahealth Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.00559267. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+0+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

athenahealth Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

athenahealth Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Question 1 0111111011
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101100011
Question 4 1011111111
Question 5 1011110101
Question 6 1001010111
Question 7 0001000100
Question 8 0111100000
Question 9 1001101010
F-score 6459754566

athenahealth Inc Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
Question 1 0011111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111111110
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1000011111
Question 6 1111111011
Question 7 1000001000
Question 8 0000000001
Question 9 0011110001
F-score 5466677567
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