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CA Inc  (NAS:CA) Piotroski F-Score: 5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CA Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NAS:CA' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Max: 9
Current: 5

1
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of CA Inc was 9. The lowest was 1. And the median was 6.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

CA Inc Annual Data

Mar08 Mar09 Mar10 Mar11 Mar12 Mar13 Mar14 Mar15 Mar16 Mar17
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.00 5.00 5.00 7.00 5.00

CA Inc Quarterly Data

Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.00 9.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep17) TTM:Last Year (Sep16) TTM:
Net Income was 208 + 157 + 178 + 184 = $727 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 479 + 419 + 298 + 37 = $1,233 Mil.
Revenue was 1007 + 1012 + 1025 + 1034 = $4,078 Mil.
Gross Profit was 865 + 863 + 881 + 887 = $3,496 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep16)
to the end of this year (Sep17) was
(10687 + 11022 + 12610 + 12476 + 12313) / 5 = $11821.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep16) was $10,687 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $2,517 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,457 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,799 Mil.
Net Income was 223 + 174 + 198 + 212 = $807 Mil.

Revenue was 1034 + 1009 + 999 + 1018 = $4,060 Mil.
Gross Profit was 886 + 859 + 856 + 879 = $3,480 Mil.
Average Net Income from the begining of last year (Sep15)
to the end of last year (Sep16) was
(10893 + 10857 + 11204 + 10907 + 10687) / 5 = $10909.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep15) was $10,893 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,946 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,178 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,408 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CA Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was 727. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CA Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,233. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Sep16)
=727/10687
=0.06802657

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Sep15)
=807/10893
=0.07408427

CA Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.06802657. CA Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.07408427. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

CA Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was 727. CA Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,233. ==> 1,233 > 727 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep17)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Sep16 to Sep17
=2517/11821.6
=0.21291534

Gearing (Last Year: Sep16)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Sep15 to Sep16
=1946/10909.6
=0.17837501

CA Inc's gearing of this year was 0.21291534. CA Inc's gearing of last year was 0.17837501. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3457/2799
=1.23508396

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3178/2408
=1.31976744

CA Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.23508396. CA Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.31976744. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

CA Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 416. CA Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 415. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3496/4078
=0.85728298

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3480/4060
=0.85714286

CA Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.85728298. CA Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.85714286. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep16)
=4078/10687
=0.3815851

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep15)
=4060/10893
=0.37271642

CA Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.3815851. CA Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.37271642. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+0+1+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CA Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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