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Darden Restaurants Inc (NYSE:DRI)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Darden Restaurants Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

DRI' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 5   Max: 8
Current: 6

5
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Darden Restaurants Inc was 8. The lowest was 5. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (May17) TTM:Last Year (May16) TTM:
Net Income was 110.2 + 79.5 + 165.6 + 123.8 = $479 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 173.1 + 121.2 + 408.9 + 196.7 = $900 Mil.
Revenue was 1714.4 + 1642.5 + 1878.7 + 1934.6 = $7,170 Mil.
Gross Profit was 371.7 + 321 + 438.5 + 438.2 = $1,569 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (May16)
to the end of this year (May17) was
(4582.6 + 4370.3 + 4461.9 + 4679.8 + 5504.2) / 5 = $4719.76 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (May16) was $4,583 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $937 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $800 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,289 Mil.
Net Income was 86.4 + 43.2 + 105.8 + 139.6 = $375 Mil.

Revenue was 1687 + 1608.8 + 1847.5 + 1790.2 = $6,934 Mil.
Gross Profit was 376.3 + 324.9 + 432 + 407.9 = $1,541 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (May15)
to the end of last year (May16) was
(5994.7 + 6026.5 + 5182.3 + 4501.9 + 4582.6) / 5 = $5257.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (May15) was $5,995 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $440 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $820 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,187 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current net income (TTM) was 479. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 900. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (May16)
=479.1/4582.6
=0.10454764

Darden Restaurants Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.10454764. Darden Restaurants Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.06255526. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current net income (TTM) was 479. Darden Restaurants Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 900. ==> 900 > 479 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: May17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from May16 to May17
=936.6/4719.76
=0.19844229

Gearing (Last Year: May16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from May15 to May16
=440/5257.6
=0.08368837

Darden Restaurants Inc's gearing of this year was 0.19844229. Darden Restaurants Inc's gearing of last year was 0.08368837. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: May17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=799.8/1289.2
=0.62038473

Current Ratio (Last Year: May16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=820.3/1187.1
=0.69101171

Darden Restaurants Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.62038473. Darden Restaurants Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.69101171. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Darden Restaurants Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 126.6. Darden Restaurants Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 128.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1569.4/7170.2
=0.21887813

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1541.1/6933.5
=0.2222687

Darden Restaurants Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.21887813. Darden Restaurants Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.2222687. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (May16)
=7170.2/4582.6
=1.56465762

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (May15)
=6933.5/5994.7
=1.156605

Darden Restaurants Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.56465762. Darden Restaurants Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.156605. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+0+1+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Darden Restaurants Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Darden Restaurants Inc Annual Data

May08May09May10May11May12May13May14May15May16May17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011000101
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0110101110
Question 6 0110011000
Question 7 1101100111
Question 8 0011000110
Question 9 1001010111
F-score 6677555876

Darden Restaurants Inc Quarterly Data

Feb15May15Aug15Nov15Feb16May16Aug16Nov16Feb17May17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100001111
Question 4 0111111111
Question 5 1101111000
Question 6 1011000010
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 0111111000
Question 9 1111111111
F-score 7877678676
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