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Epiq Systems Inc  (NAS:EPIQ) Piotroski F-Score: 0 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Epiq Systems Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Epiq Systems Inc Annual Data

Dec06 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 3.00

Epiq Systems Inc Quarterly Data

Sep11 Dec11 Mar12 Jun12 Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 5.00

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Net Income was -19.18 + 8.75 + -0.065 + -5.58 = $-16.1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 18.865 + 34.51 + -10.341 + 13.214 = $56.2 Mil.
Revenue was 142.535 + 144.632 + 146.531 + 140.744 = $574.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 67.403 + 72.138 + 66.47 + 67.278 = $273.3 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun15)
to the end of this year (Jun16) was
(854.371 + 826.506 + 823.897 + 829.424 + 822.557) / 5 = $831.351 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year ({FiscalYear0}) was $854.4 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $210.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $76.1 Mil.
Total Assets was 5.01 + -0.63 + 1.733 + -3.241 = $2.9 Mil.

Revenue was 111.006 + 115.137 + 119.028 + 138.01 = $483.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 55.986 + 55.653 + 57.495 + 62.819 = $232.0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun14)
to the end of last year (Jun15) was
(723.786 + 715.176 + 727.924 + 731.224 + 854.371) / 5 = $750.4962 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun14) was $723.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $396.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $207.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $83.8 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Epiq Systems Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was {NetIncome0_f}. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Epiq Systems Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 56.2. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Jun15)
=-16.075/854.371
=-0.01881501

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Jun14)
=2.872/723.786
=0.00396802

Epiq Systems Inc's return on assets of this year was -0.01881501. Epiq Systems Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.00396802. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Epiq Systems Inc's current Net Income (TTM) was -16.1. Epiq Systems Inc's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 56.2. ==> 56.2 > -16.1 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (Last Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Jun14 to Jun15
=396.685/750.4962
=0.52856364

Epiq Systems Inc's gearing of this year was 0. Epiq Systems Inc's gearing of last year was 0.52856364. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=210.279/76.137
=2.76185035

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=207.141/83.847
=2.47046406

Epiq Systems Inc's current ratio of this year was 2.76185035. Epiq Systems Inc's current ratio of last year was 2.47046406. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Epiq Systems Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 37.4. Epiq Systems Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 36.5. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=273.289/574.442
=0.4757469

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=231.953/483.181
=0.48005406

Epiq Systems Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.4757469. Epiq Systems Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.48005406. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=574.442/854.371
=0.67235662

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=483.181/723.786
=0.66757439

Epiq Systems Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.67235662. Epiq Systems Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.66757439. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+0+1+1+1+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Epiq Systems Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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