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GuruFocus has detected 4 Warning Signs with ExlService Holdings Inc $EXLS.
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ExlService Holdings Inc (NAS:EXLS)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ExlService Holdings Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

EXLS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 6

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of ExlService Holdings Inc was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar17) TTM:Last Year (Mar16) TTM:
Net Income was 16.375 + 16.05 + 15.488 + 16.788 = $64.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 37.356 + 29.127 + 44.216 + 7.073 = $117.8 Mil.
Revenue was 170.478 + 171.2 + 177.274 + 183.033 = $702.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 58.452 + 59.433 + 61.49 + 62.914 = $242.3 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar16)
to the end of this year (Mar17) was
(642.28 + 646.897 + 669.022 + 706.528 + 726.693) / 5 = $678.284 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar16) was $642.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $35.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $383.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $111.0 Mil.
Net Income was 12.074 + 15.162 + 14.762 + 13.82 = $55.8 Mil.

Revenue was 155.621 + 163.503 + 165.858 + 167.036 = $652.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 55.143 + 60.305 + 59.742 + 58.657 = $233.8 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar15)
to the end of last year (Mar16) was
(611.018 + 613.718 + 619.938 + 650.783 + 642.28) / 5 = $627.5474 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar15) was $611.0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $55.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $337.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $89.6 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ExlService Holdings Inc's current net income (TTM) was 64.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ExlService Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 117.8. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=64.701/642.28
=0.10073644

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=55.818/611.018
=0.09135246

ExlService Holdings Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.10073644. ExlService Holdings Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.09135246. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

ExlService Holdings Inc's current net income (TTM) was 64.7. ExlService Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 117.8. ==> 117.8 > 64.7 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar16 to Mar17
=35.285/678.284
=0.05202098

Gearing (Last Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=55.278/627.5474
=0.08808578

ExlService Holdings Inc's gearing of this year was 0.05202098. ExlService Holdings Inc's gearing of last year was 0.08808578. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=383.498/110.97
=3.45587096

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=337.754/89.644
=3.76772567

ExlService Holdings Inc's current ratio of this year was 3.45587096. ExlService Holdings Inc's current ratio of last year was 3.76772567. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

ExlService Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 35.1. ExlService Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 34.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=242.289/701.985
=0.3451484

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=233.847/652.018
=0.35865114

ExlService Holdings Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.3451484. ExlService Holdings Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.35865114. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=701.985/642.28
=1.0929579

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=652.018/611.018
=1.06710113

ExlService Holdings Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.0929579. ExlService Holdings Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.06710113. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ExlService Holdings Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

ExlService Holdings Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0011100011
Question 4 0111111111
Question 5 1110011011
Question 6 1110011000
Question 7 0100000100
Question 8 0110001010
Question 9 0011100010
F-score 4785556475

ExlService Holdings Inc Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000111111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000111111
Question 6 0000011100
Question 7 1000000000
Question 8 0000111000
Question 9 0011100001
F-score 4344777656
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