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Ambac Financial Group Piotroski F-Score

: 3 (As of Today)
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Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 3 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ambac Financial Group has an F-score of 3. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

NYSE:AMBC' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Med: 5   Max: 9
Current: 3

1
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Ambac Financial Group was 9. The lowest was 1. And the median was 5.

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jun20) TTM:Last Year (Jun19) TTM:
Net Income was 66.116 + -110.486 + -280 + -35 = $-359.4 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -31.231 + -14.769 + -87 + -25 = $-158.0 Mil.
Revenue was 216.162 + 91.344 + -70 + 75 = $312.5 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun19)
to the end of this year (Jun20) was
(14713.066 + 13451.104 + 13320 + 12777 + 12761) / 5 = $13404.434 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun19) was $14,713.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $6,874.0 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,761.0 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $11,632.0 Mil.
Net Income was -22.159 + -20.858 + -43 + -128 = $-214.0 Mil.

Revenue was 134.015 + 52.411 + 101 + 89 = $376.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun18)
to the end of last year (Jun19) was
(21535.223 + 15093.464 + 14589 + 15022.899 + 14713.066) / 5 = $16190.7304 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun18) was $21,535.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $8,594.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $14,713.1 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $13,160.2 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ambac Financial Group's current Net Income (TTM) was -359.4. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ambac Financial Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was -158.0. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jun19)
=-359.37/14713.066
=-0.02442523

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jun18)
=-214.017/21535.223
=-0.009938

Ambac Financial Group's return on assets of this year was -0.02442523. Ambac Financial Group's return on assets of last year was -0.009938. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Ambac Financial Group's current Net Income (TTM) was -359.4. Ambac Financial Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was -158.0. ==> -158.0 > -359.4 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jun19 to Jun20
=6874/13404.434
=0.51281539

Gearing (Last Year: Jun19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jun18 to Jun19
=8594.703/16190.7304
=0.53084097

Ambac Financial Group's gearing of this year was 0.51281539. Ambac Financial Group's gearing of last year was 0.53084097. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

* Note that for banks and insurance companies, there's no Total Current Assets and Total Current Liabilities reported. Thus, we use Total Assets and Total Liabilities to calculate current ratio for banks and insurance companies.

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun20)=Total Assets/Total Liabilities
=12761/11632
=1.09705983

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun19)=Total Assets/Total Liabilities
=14713.066/13160.15
=1.11800139

Ambac Financial Group's current ratio of this year was 1.09705983. Ambac Financial Group's current ratio of last year was 1.11800139. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Ambac Financial Group's number of shares in issue this year was 46.167. Ambac Financial Group's number of shares in issue last year was 45.986. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

* Note that for banks and insurance companies, there's no Gross Profit reported. Thus, we use net income instead of gross profit and calculate Net Margin for this score.

Net Margin (This Year: TTM)=Net Income/Revenue
=-359.37/312.506
=-1.14996192

Net Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Net Income/Revenue
=-214.017/376.426
=-0.56854999

Ambac Financial Group's net margin of this year was -1.14996192. Ambac Financial Group's net margin of last year was -0.56854999. ==> Last year's net margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun19)
=312.506/14713.066
=0.02124003

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun18)
=376.426/21535.223
=0.01747955

Ambac Financial Group's asset turnover of this year was 0.02124003. Ambac Financial Group's asset turnover of last year was 0.01747955. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+0+0+1+1+0+0+0+1
=3

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ambac Financial Group has an F-score of 3. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

Ambac Financial Group  (NYSE:AMBC) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Ambac Financial Group Piotroski F-Score Related Terms

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