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Coca-Cola Co  (NYSE:KO) Piotroski F-Score: 6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Coca-Cola Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NYSE:KO' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 7
Current: 6

3
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Coca-Cola Co was 7. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Coca-Cola Co Annual Data

Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00

Coca-Cola Co Quarterly Data

Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00 6.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Coca-Cola Co Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Coca-Cola Co's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec17) TTM:Last Year (Dec16) TTM:
Net Income was 1182 + 1371 + 1447 + -2752 = USD 1,248 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 788 + 2603 + 2527 + 1188 = USD 7,106 Mil.
Revenue was 9118 + 9702 + 9078 + 7512 = USD 35,410 Mil.
Gross Profit was 5605 + 6043 + 5683 + 4823 = USD 22,154 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec16)
to the end of this year (Dec17) was
(87270 + 91201 + 91146 + 90515 + 87896) / 5 = USD 89605.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec16) was USD 87,270 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was USD 31,182 Mil.
Total Current Assets was USD 36,545 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was USD 27,194 Mil.
Net Income was 1483 + 3448 + 1046 + 550 = USD 6,527 Mil.

Revenue was 10282 + 11539 + 10633 + 9409 = USD 41,863 Mil.
Gross Profit was 6213 + 7068 + 6502 + 5615 = USD 25,398 Mil.
Average Net Income from the begining of last year (Dec15)
to the end of last year (Dec16) was
(89996 + 91263 + 94094 + 93927 + 87270) / 5 = USD 91310 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec15) was USD 89,996 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was USD 29,684 Mil.
Total Current Assets was USD 34,010 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was USD 26,532 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Coca-Cola Co's current Net Income (TTM) was 1,248. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Coca-Cola Co's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 7,106. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Dec16)
=1248/87270
=0.01430045

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Dec15)
=6527/89996
=0.07252545

Coca-Cola Co's return on assets of this year was 0.01430045. Coca-Cola Co's return on assets of last year was 0.07252545. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Coca-Cola Co's current Net Income (TTM) was 1,248. Coca-Cola Co's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 7,106. ==> 7,106 > 1,248 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec17)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Dec16 to Dec17
=31182/89605.6
=0.34799164

Gearing (Last Year: Dec16)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Dec15 to Dec16
=29684/91310
=0.32509035

Coca-Cola Co's gearing of this year was 0.34799164. Coca-Cola Co's gearing of last year was 0.32509035. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=36545/27194
=1.34386262

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=34010/26532
=1.28184833

Coca-Cola Co's current ratio of this year was 1.34386262. Coca-Cola Co's current ratio of last year was 1.28184833. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Coca-Cola Co's number of shares in issue this year was 4315. Coca-Cola Co's number of shares in issue last year was 4346. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=22154/35410
=0.62564247

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=25398/41863
=0.60669326

Coca-Cola Co's gross margin of this year was 0.62564247. Coca-Cola Co's gross margin of last year was 0.60669326. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec16)
=35410/87270
=0.40575226

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec15)
=41863/89996
=0.46516512

Coca-Cola Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.40575226. Coca-Cola Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.46516512. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Coca-Cola Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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