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Legg Mason Piotroski F-Score

: 8 (As of Today)
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Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Legg Mason has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

NYSE:LM' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Med: 5   Max: 9
Current: 8

1
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Legg Mason was 9. The lowest was 1. And the median was 5.


Legg Mason Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Legg Mason Annual Data
Mar11 Mar12 Mar13 Mar14 Mar15 Mar16 Mar17 Mar18 Mar19 Mar20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.00 6.00 7.00 4.00 7.00

Legg Mason Quarterly Data
Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 2.00 3.00 6.00 7.00 8.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Legg Mason Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Legg Mason's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jun20) TTM:Last Year (Jun19) TTM:
Net Income was 67.083 + 74.775 + 64.159 + 49.422 = $255 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 229.303 + 335.358 + 183.472 + -211.492 = $537 Mil.
Revenue was 743.264 + 753.914 + 719.587 + 666.186 = $2,883 Mil.
Gross Profit was 260.438 + 274.518 + 315.428 + 221.629 = $1,072 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun19)
to the end of this year (Jun20) was
(7845.841 + 7802.302 + 8039.718 + 8006.12 + 7917.437) / 5 = $7922.2836 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun19) was $7,846 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $2,242 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,962 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $866 Mil.
Net Income was 72.803 + -216.888 + 49.487 + 45.35 = $-49 Mil.

Revenue was 758.427 + 704.322 + 692.605 + 705.36 = $2,861 Mil.
Gross Profit was 279.017 + 278.604 + 237.648 + 221.626 = $1,017 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun18)
to the end of last year (Jun19) was
(7926.241 + 7876.328 + 7682.615 + 7794.122 + 7845.841) / 5 = $7825.0294 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun18) was $7,926 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $2,287 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,746 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $867 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Legg Mason's current Net Income (TTM) was 255. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Legg Mason's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 537. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jun19)
=255.439/7845.841
=0.03255725

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jun18)
=-49.248/7926.241
=-0.00621329

Legg Mason's return on assets of this year was 0.03255725. Legg Mason's return on assets of last year was -0.00621329. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Legg Mason's current Net Income (TTM) was 255. Legg Mason's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 537. ==> 537 > 255 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jun19 to Jun20
=2242.095/7922.2836
=0.2830112

Gearing (Last Year: Jun19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jun18 to Jun19
=2287.22/7825.0294
=0.29229539

Legg Mason's gearing of this year was 0.2830112. Legg Mason's gearing of last year was 0.29229539. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1962.192/865.51
=2.26709339

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1745.864/866.881
=2.01396039

Legg Mason's current ratio of this year was 2.26709339. Legg Mason's current ratio of last year was 2.01396039. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Legg Mason's number of shares in issue this year was 90.199. Legg Mason's number of shares in issue last year was 86.494. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1072.013/2882.951
=0.37184572

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1016.895/2860.714
=0.35546895

Legg Mason's gross margin of this year was 0.37184572. Legg Mason's gross margin of last year was 0.35546895. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun19)
=2882.951/7845.841
=0.36744958

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun18)
=2860.714/7926.241
=0.36091686

Legg Mason's asset turnover of this year was 0.36744958. Legg Mason's asset turnover of last year was 0.36091686. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Legg Mason has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

Legg Mason  (NYSE:LM) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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