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Penske Automotive Group Piotroski F-Score

: 5 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Penske Automotive Group has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NYSE:PAG' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1   Med: 5   Max: 7
Current: 5

1
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Penske Automotive Group was 7. The lowest was 1. And the median was 5.


Penske Automotive Group Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Penske Automotive Group Annual Data
Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 6.00 6.00 4.00 5.00

Penske Automotive Group Quarterly Data
Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.00 6.00 5.00 7.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Penske Automotive Group Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Penske Automotive Group's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Dec20) TTM:Last Year (Dec19) TTM:
Net Income was 51.7 + 45.1 + 246.6 + 200.2 = $544 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 212 + 572.5 + 65.2 + 352.1 = $1,202 Mil.
Revenue was 5009.1 + 3651.1 + 5971.6 + 5812.1 = $20,444 Mil.
Gross Profit was 776.7 + 552.9 + 956.5 + 898.4 = $3,185 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec19)
to the end of this year (Dec20) was
(13942.7 + 13816.8 + 12876.1 + 13009.7 + 13247.2) / 5 = $13378.5 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec19) was $13,943 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $3,952 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,409 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,675 Mil.
Net Income was 100.2 + 117.8 + 116.2 + 101.6 = $436 Mil.

Revenue was 5564.4 + 5755.8 + 5967.6 + 5891.6 = $23,179 Mil.
Gross Profit was 851.5 + 867.8 + 869.7 + 866.5 = $3,456 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec18)
to the end of last year (Dec19) was
(10904.5 + 13574.9 + 13361.1 + 13689.5 + 13942.7) / 5 = $13094.54 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec18) was $10,905 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $4,558 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,334 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,451 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Penske Automotive Group's current Net Income (TTM) was 544. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Penske Automotive Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,202. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Dec19)
=543.6/13942.7
=0.03898814

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Dec18)
=435.8/10904.5
=0.03996515

Penske Automotive Group's return on assets of this year was 0.03898814. Penske Automotive Group's return on assets of last year was 0.03996515. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Penske Automotive Group's current Net Income (TTM) was 544. Penske Automotive Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 1,202. ==> 1,202 > 544 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Dec19 to Dec20
=3952.4/13378.5
=0.29542923

Gearing (Last Year: Dec19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Dec18 to Dec19
=4558.2/13094.54
=0.34809928

Penske Automotive Group's gearing of this year was 0.29542923. Penske Automotive Group's gearing of last year was 0.34809928. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4408.8/4674.9
=0.943079

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5334.1/5451
=0.97855439

Penske Automotive Group's current ratio of this year was 0.943079. Penske Automotive Group's current ratio of last year was 0.97855439. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Penske Automotive Group's number of shares in issue this year was 81.179. Penske Automotive Group's number of shares in issue last year was 80.98. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3184.5/20443.9
=0.15576774

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3455.5/23179.4
=0.14907634

Penske Automotive Group's gross margin of this year was 0.15576774. Penske Automotive Group's gross margin of last year was 0.14907634. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec19)
=20443.9/13942.7
=1.46627985

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec18)
=23179.4/10904.5
=2.12567289

Penske Automotive Group's asset turnover of this year was 1.46627985. Penske Automotive Group's asset turnover of last year was 2.12567289. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Penske Automotive Group has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Penske Automotive Group  (NYSE:PAG) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Penske Automotive Group Piotroski F-Score Related Terms


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