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Safety Insurance Group Piotroski F-Score

: 8 (As of Today)
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Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Safety Insurance Group has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

NAS:SAFT' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Med: 6   Max: 8
Current: 8

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Safety Insurance Group was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Safety Insurance Group Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Safety Insurance Group Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Piotroski F-Score
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 7.00

Safety Insurance Group Quarterly Data
Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.00 6.00 8.00 7.00 8.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.
   

Safety Insurance Group Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Safety Insurance Group's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Mar21) TTM:Last Year (Mar20) TTM:
Net Income was 42.494 + 44.742 + 52.965 + 36.174 = $176.4 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 53.744 + 50.883 + 33.348 + 12.523 = $150.5 Mil.
Revenue was 211.18 + 217.519 + 229.487 + 217.436 = $875.6 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar20)
to the end of this year (Mar21) was
(1930.719 + 2018.914 + 2047.11 + 2054.273 + 2045.66) / 5 = $2019.3352 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar20) was $1,930.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $59.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,045.7 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $1,155.4 Mil.
Net Income was 25.934 + 15.619 + 28.102 + -1.99 = $67.7 Mil.

Revenue was 215.267 + 215.412 + 223.393 + 182.215 = $836.3 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar19)
to the end of last year (Mar20) was
(1918.018 + 1973.114 + 2033.801 + 2022.669 + 1930.719) / 5 = $1975.6642 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar19) was $1,918.0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $64.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,930.7 Mil.
Total Liabilities was $1,168.6 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Safety Insurance Group's current Net Income (TTM) was 176.4. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Safety Insurance Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 150.5. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar20)
=176.375/1930.719
=0.09135198

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar19)
=67.665/1918.018
=0.03527861

Safety Insurance Group's return on assets of this year was 0.09135198. Safety Insurance Group's return on assets of last year was 0.03527861. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Safety Insurance Group's current Net Income (TTM) was 176.4. Safety Insurance Group's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 150.5. ==> 150.5 <= 176.4 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar21)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar20 to Mar21
=59.801/2019.3352
=0.0296142

Gearing (Last Year: Mar20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar19 to Mar20
=64.256/1975.6642
=0.03252375

Safety Insurance Group's gearing of this year was 0.0296142. Safety Insurance Group's gearing of last year was 0.03252375. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

* Note that for banks and insurance companies, there's no Total Current Assets and Total Current Liabilities reported. Thus, we use Total Assets and Total Liabilities to calculate current ratio for banks and insurance companies.

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar21)=Total Assets/Total Liabilities
=2045.66/1155.407
=1.77051031

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar20)=Total Assets/Total Liabilities
=1930.719/1168.61
=1.65214999

Safety Insurance Group's current ratio of this year was 1.77051031. Safety Insurance Group's current ratio of last year was 1.65214999. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Safety Insurance Group's number of shares in issue this year was 14.886. Safety Insurance Group's number of shares in issue last year was 15.347. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

* Note that for banks and insurance companies, there's no Gross Profit reported. Thus, we use net income instead of gross profit and calculate Net Margin for this score.

Net Margin (This Year: TTM)=Net Income/Revenue
=176.375/875.622
=0.20142824

Net Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Net Income/Revenue
=67.665/836.287
=0.08091122

Safety Insurance Group's net margin of this year was 0.20142824. Safety Insurance Group's net margin of last year was 0.08091122. ==> This year's net margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar20)
=875.622/1930.719
=0.4535212

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar19)
=836.287/1918.018
=0.43601624

Safety Insurance Group's asset turnover of this year was 0.4535212. Safety Insurance Group's asset turnover of last year was 0.43601624. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+1+1+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Safety Insurance Group has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

Safety Insurance Group  (NAS:SAFT) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Safety Insurance Group Piotroski F-Score Related Terms


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