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The Western Union Co  (NYSE:WU) Piotroski F-Score: 5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

The Western Union Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NYSE:WU' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 5

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of The Western Union Co was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 5.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

The Western Union Co Annual Data

Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 7.00 5.00 5.00 8.00 6.00

The Western Union Co Quarterly Data

Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 5.00 6.00 5.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jun17) TTM:Last Year (Jun16) TTM:
Net Income was 216.9 + -355 + 161.7 + 166.5 = $190 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 336.3 + 220 + 86.3 + -110.3 = $532 Mil.
Revenue was 1377.8 + 1371.7 + 1302.4 + 1378.9 = $5,431 Mil.
Gross Profit was 554.9 + 525.9 + 501.9 + 536 = $2,119 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun16)
to the end of this year (Jun17) was
(9394.9 + 9518.7 + 9419.6 + 9486 + 9408.2) / 5 = $9445.48 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year ({FiscalYear0}) was $9,395 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $3,182 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,706 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,155 Mil.
Total Assets was 232.3 + 212.3 + 185.7 + 205.6 = $836 Mil.

Revenue was 1399.2 + 1380 + 1297.7 + 1375.7 = $5,453 Mil.
Gross Profit was 582 + 569 + 518.3 + 553.8 = $2,223 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun15)
to the end of last year (Jun16) was
(10063.8 + 9815.9 + 9449.2 + 9418.3 + 9394.9) / 5 = $9628.42 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun15) was $10,064 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $3,229 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,520 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,351 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

The Western Union Co's current Net Income (TTM) was {NetIncome0_f}. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

The Western Union Co's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 532. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Jun16)
=190.1/9394.9
=0.02023438

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets(Jun15)
=835.9/10063.8
=0.08306008

The Western Union Co's return on assets of this year was 0.02023438. The Western Union Co's return on assets of last year was 0.08306008. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

The Western Union Co's current Net Income (TTM) was 190. The Western Union Co's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 532. ==> 532 > 190 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun17)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Jun16 to Jun17
=3182.4/9445.48
=0.33692306

Gearing (Last Year: Jun16)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Total Assetsfrom Jun15 to Jun16
=3228.5/9628.42
=0.33530943

The Western Union Co's gearing of this year was 0.33692306. The Western Union Co's gearing of last year was 0.33530943. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4705.6/5154.7
=0.91287563

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4519.7/4350.8
=1.03882045

The Western Union Co's current ratio of this year was 0.91287563. The Western Union Co's current ratio of last year was 1.03882045. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

The Western Union Co's number of shares in issue this year was 472. The Western Union Co's number of shares in issue last year was 493. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2118.7/5430.8
=0.39012668

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2223.1/5452.6
=0.40771375

The Western Union Co's gross margin of this year was 0.39012668. The Western Union Co's gross margin of last year was 0.40771375. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun16)
=5430.8/9394.9
=0.57805831

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun15)
=5452.6/10063.8
=0.54180329

The Western Union Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.57805831. The Western Union Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.54180329. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+1+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

The Western Union Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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