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3M Co (NYSE:MMM) Graham Number

: $N/A (As of Mar. 2023)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2023-06-06), the stock price of 3M Co is $98.29. 3M Co's graham number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2023 was $N/A. Therefore, 3M Co's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is N/A.

The historical rank and industry rank for 3M Co's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of 3M Co was 41.50. The lowest was 0.00. And the median was 2.44.

MMM's Price-to-Graham-Number is not ranked *
in the Conglomerates industry.
Industry Median: 0.76
* Ranked among companies with meaningful Price-to-Graham-Number only.

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


3M Co Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for 3M Co's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

3M Co Annual Data
Trend Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - -

3M Co Quarterly Data
Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - -

Competitive Comparison

For the Conglomerates subindustry, 3M Co's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

3M Co Graham Number Distribution

For the Conglomerates industry and Industrials sector, 3M Co's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where 3M Co's Graham Number falls in comparison to its industry or sector. The grey bar indicates the Graham Number's extreme value range as defined by GuruFocus.



3M Co Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

3M Co's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*-5.038*10.18)
=N/A

3M Co's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2023 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*-3.883*9.65)
=N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


3M Co  (NYSE:MMM) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

3M Co's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Mar. 2023 )
=98.29/N/A
=N/A

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


3M Co Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of 3M Co's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


3M Co (NYSE:MMM) Business Description

3M Co logo
Address
3M Center, St. Paul, MN, USA, 55144
3M is a multinational conglomerate that has operated since 1902, when it was known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. The company is well known for its research and development laboratory and it leverages its science and technology across multiple product categories. As of 2020, 3M is organized into four business segments: safety and industrial, transportation and electronics, healthcare, and consumer. Nearly 50% of the company's revenue comes from outside the Americas, with the safety and industrial segment constituting a plurality of net sales. Many of the company's 60,000-plus products touch and concern a variety of consumers and end markets.
Executives
Suzan Kereere director 255 FISERV DRIVE, BROOKFIELD WI 53045
Kevin H Rhodes officer: EVP & Chief Legal Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Peter D Gibbons officer: Group President 2401 UTAH AVENUE SOUTH, SUITE 800, SEATTLE WA 98134
Chavez Rodriguez Beatriz Karina officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER BLDG 220-09-E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Mark W. Murphy officer: Executive Vice President ONE ST. JUDE MEDICAL DRIVE, ST. PAUL MN 55117
Zoe L Dickson officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
James R Fitterling director 2211 H.H. DOW WAY, MIDLAND MI 48674
Jeffrey R Lavers officer: Executive Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Veena M Lakkundi officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Monish D Patolawala officer: Senior VP and CFO 3M COMPANY, 3M CENTER, BLDG 220 09 E-02, ST. PAUL MN 55144-1000
Vinita Lee Piper other: IVM001 712 WILCREST, SUITE 3020, HOUSTON TX 77042
Pamela Craig director C/O ACCENTURE, 161 N CLARK STREET, CHICAGO IL 60601
Ty R Silberhorn officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Theresa E Reinseth officer: Vice President/CAO 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Denise R Rutherford officer: Senior Vice President 3M COMPANY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, 3M CENTER, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000

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