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National Research Graham Number

: $4.85 (As of Mar. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-05-16), the stock price of National Research is $33.23. National Research's graham number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was $4.85. Therefore, National Research's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 6.86.

The historical rank and industry rank for National Research's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

NRC' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4.05   Med: 7.18   Max: 33.33
Current: 6.85

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of National Research was 33.33. The lowest was 4.05. And the median was 7.18.

NRC's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
92.74% of 317 companies
in the Healthcare Providers & Services industry
Industry Median: 1.91 vs NRC: 6.85

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


National Research Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for National Research's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

National Research Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.74 - - 2.70 5.33

National Research Quarterly Data
Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 3.39 3.98 4.95 5.35 4.85

Competitive Comparison

For the Health Information Services subindustry, National Research's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

National Research Graham Number Distribution

For the Healthcare Providers & Services industry and Healthcare sector, National Research's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where National Research's Graham Number falls into.



National Research Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

National Research's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*0.865*1.46)
=5.33

National Research's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*0.72*1.45)
=4.85

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


National Research  (NAS:NRC) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

National Research's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=33.23/4.85
=6.86

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


National Research Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of National Research's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


National Research Business Description

National Research logo
Industry
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1245 Q Street, Lincoln, NE, USA, 68508
National Research Corp is a provider of analytics and insights that facilitate measurement and improvement of the patient and employee experience while also increasing patient engagement and customer loyalty for healthcare providers, payers, and other healthcare organizations. Its portfolio of solutions represents a set of capabilities that individually and collectively provide value to clients. The solutions are offered at an enterprise level through the Voice of the Customer platform, The Governance Institute, and legacy Experience solutions. It operates in the US and Canada, of which key revenue is derived from the US.
Executives
Jackson Steven D. officer: President C/O NATIONAL RESEARCH CORPORATION 1245 Q STREET LINCOLN NE 68508
Martin Joann M director 6221 ANDREW COURT LINCOLN NE 68512
Nunnelly John N director P.O. BOX 2175 AMHERST MA 01004
Karas Kevin R officer: SVP Finance, CFO, Treas & Secy C/O NATIONAL RESEARCH CORPORATION 1245 Q STREET LINCOLN NE 68508
Berwick Donald M director C/O NATIONAL RESEARCH CORPORATION 1245 Q STREET LINCOLN NE 68508
Mowry Barbara director P.O. BOX 103115 DENVER CO 80250
Amandla Mk Trust 10 percent owner C/O THE BRYN MAWR TRUST COMPANY OF DELAW 20 MONTCHANIN RD, SUITE 100 GREENVILLE DE 19807
Hays Michael D. director, officer: CEO C/O NATIONAL RESEARCH CORPORATION 1245 Q STREET LINCOLN NE 68508
K/i/e Trust Under Agreement 10/24/18 10 percent owner C/O BESSEMER TRUST COMPANY OF DELAWARE 1007 N. ORANGE ST., SUITE 1450 WILMINGTON DE 19801
Endacott Kent E. 10 percent owner C/O WOODS & AITKEN LLP 301 SOUTH 13TH STREET, SUITE 500 LINCOLN NE 68508
Beans Patrick E director, officer: CFO and Secretary AMANDLA LLC 709 PIER 2 LINCOLN NE 68528
Warden Gail L director 250 WASHINGTON RD GROSSE POINTE MI 48230
Henricks Susan L officer: President and COO C/O NATIONAL RESEARCH CORPORATION 1245 Q STREET LINCOLN NE 68508
Schorr Paul C Iii director PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Ownership Information: SCHORR PAUL C III a.header:link {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:visited {color: #3b4fae; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;} a.header:hover {color: #191970;}
Peetz Jeffery T 10 percent owner WOODS & AITKEN LLP 301 SOUTH 13TH STREET, SUITE 500 LINCOLN NE 68508
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