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PayPal Holdings Graham Number

: $21.74 (As of Mar. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-05-19), the stock price of PayPal Holdings is $81.28. PayPal Holdings's graham number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 was $21.74. Therefore, PayPal Holdings's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 3.74.

The historical rank and industry rank for PayPal Holdings's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

PYPL' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2.23   Med: 5.21   Max: 10.19
Current: 3.74

During the past 10 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of PayPal Holdings was 10.19. The lowest was 2.23. And the median was 5.21.

PYPL's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
91.88% of 382 companies
in the Credit Services industry
Industry Median: 0.84 vs PYPL: 3.74

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


PayPal Holdings Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for PayPal Holdings's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

PayPal Holdings Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 17.79 16.47 19.82 25.86 24.62

PayPal Holdings Quarterly Data
Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 28.10 28.60 30.58 24.62 21.74

Competitive Comparison

For the Credit Services subindustry, PayPal Holdings's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

PayPal Holdings Graham Number Distribution

For the Credit Services industry and Financial Services sector, PayPal Holdings's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where PayPal Holdings's Graham Number falls into.



PayPal Holdings Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

PayPal Holdings's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*7.655*3.52)
=24.62

PayPal Holdings's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*6.932*3.03)
=21.74

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


PayPal Holdings  (NAS:PYPL) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

PayPal Holdings's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Mar. 2022 )
=81.28/21.74
=3.74

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


PayPal Holdings Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of PayPal Holdings's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


PayPal Holdings Business Description

PayPal Holdings logo
Industry
Financial Services » Credit Services NAICS : 522390 SIC : 7389
Address
2211 North First Street, San Jose, CA, USA, 95131
PayPal was spun off from eBay in 2015 and provides electronic payment solutions to merchants and consumers, with a focus on online transactions. The company had 426 million active accounts at the end of 2021, including 34 million merchant accounts. The company also owns Xoom, an international money transfer business, and Venmo, a person-to-person payment platform.
Executives
Karbowski Jeffrey William officer: VP, Chief Accounting Officer 2211 N 1ST ST SAN JOSE CA 95131
Schulman Daniel H director, officer: President and CEO C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS, INC. 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Moffett David M director C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS INC. 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Yeary Frank D director C/O INTEL CORPORATION 2200 MISSION COLLEGE BLVD., RN4-151 SANTA CLARA CA 95054
Auerbach Jonathan officer: EVP, Chief Strategy & Growth O C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS, INC. 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Britto Mark officer: EVP, Chief Product Officer C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS, INC. 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Alford Peggy officer: EVP, Global Sales 435 TASSO STREET PALO ALTO CA 94301
Anderson Aaron officer: VP, Chief Accounting Officer C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS, INC. 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Messemer Deborah M. director C/O ALLOGENE THERAPEUTICS, INC. 210 EAST GRAND AVENUE SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO CA 94080
Adkins Rodney C director IBM CORPORATION 294 ROUTE 100 SOMERS NY 10589
Sarnoff Ann director C/O HSN, INC. 1 HSN DRIVE SAINT PETERSBURG FL 33729
Donahoe John J director C/O PAYPAL HOLDINGS INC 2211 NORTH FIRST STREET SAN JOSE CA 95131
Dorman David W director CVS HEALTH. ONE CVS DRIVE WOONSOCKET RI 02895
Christodoro Jonathan director C/O ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. 16690 COLLINS AVE., PH SUNNY ISLES FL 33160
Mcgovern Gail J director ONE ENERGY PLAZA., 688WCB DETROIT MI 48226

PayPal Holdings Headlines

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