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Penske Automotive Group Graham Number

: $59.80 (As of Jun. 2021)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2021-10-16), the stock price of Penske Automotive Group is $103.38. Penske Automotive Group's graham number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2021 was $59.80. Therefore, Penske Automotive Group's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 1.73.

The historical rank and industry rank for Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

NYSE:PAG' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 1.26   Med: 4.62   Max: 18.08
Current: 1.73

1.26
18.08

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Penske Automotive Group was 18.08. The lowest was 1.26. And the median was 4.62.

NYSE:PAG's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked lower than
99.99% of the 65 Companies
in the Vehicles & Parts industry.

( Industry Median: 1.40 vs. NYSE:PAG: 1.73 )

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Penske Automotive Group Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Penske Automotive Group Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 6.47 22.10 23.34 21.99 39.11

Penske Automotive Group Quarterly Data
Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 19.09 30.68 39.16 47.62 59.80

Competitive Comparison

For the Auto & Truck Dealerships subindustry, Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Penske Automotive Group Graham Number Distribution

For the Vehicles & Parts industry and Consumer Cyclical sector, Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number falls into.



Penske Automotive Group Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2020 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*10.084*6.74)
=39.11

Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*13.223*12.02)
=59.80

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Penske Automotive Group  (NYSE:PAG) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Penske Automotive Group's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Jun. 2021 )
=103.38/59.80
=1.73

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Penske Automotive Group Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Penske Automotive Group's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Penske Automotive Group Business Description

Penske Automotive Group logo
Industry
Consumer Cyclical » Vehicles & Parts NAICS : 441110 SIC : 5511
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
2555 Telegraph Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA, 48302-0954
Penske Automotive Group operates in 22 U.S. states and overseas. It has 143 U.S. light-vehicle franchises including in Puerto Rico as well as 161 franchises overseas, primarily in the United Kingdom. The company is the second- largest U.S.-based dealership in terms of light-vehicle revenue and sells more than 35 brands, with 93% of retail automotive revenue coming from luxury and import names. Other services, in addition to new and used vehicles, are parts and repair and finance and insurance. The firm's Premier Truck Group owns 35 truck dealerships selling mostly Freightliner and Western Star brands, and Penske owns 19 CarShop used-vehicle stores in the U.S. and U.K. The company is based in Michigan and was called United Auto Group before changing its name in 2007.
Executives
Carlson John D. Jr. officer: EVP & CFO 2555 TELEGRAPH RD. BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Barr John director 2555 TELEGRAPH ROAD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302-0954
Spradlin Shane M. officer: EVP, Gen. Counsel & Sec. 2555 TELEGRAPH RD. BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Penske Roger S director, 10 percent owner, officer: Chair & CEO 2555 TELEGRAPH ROAD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302-0954
Denker Claude H Iii officer: EVP - Human Resources 2555 TELEGRAPH RD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Kurnick Robert H Jr director, officer: President 2555 TELEGRAPH ROAD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302-0954
Penske Gregory W director 3534 NORTH PECK ROAD EL MONTE CA 91731
Pierce Sandra E. director 2555 TELEGRAPH RD. BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Duerheimer Wolfgang director 2555 TELEGRAPH RD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Penske Roger S Jr director 2555 TELEGRAPH ROAD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Mcwaters Kimberly J director 20410 NORTH 19TH AVENUE PHOENIX AZ 85027
Smith Greg C director FORD MOTOR COMPANY 21175 OAKWOOD BLVD DEARBORN MI 48124
Davis Lisa Ann director 2555 TELEGRAPH RD BLOOMFIELD HILLS MI 48302
Eisenson Michael R director C/O CHARLESBANK CAPITAL PARTNERS 600 ATLANTIC AV 28TH FL BOSTON MA 02210
Thompson H Brian director 1950 OLD GALLOWS ROAD SUITE 201 VIENNA VA 22182

Penske Automotive Group Headlines

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