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Westlake Chemical Graham Number

: $104.19 (As of Sep. 2021)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-01-28), the stock price of Westlake Chemical is $99.27. Westlake Chemical's graham number for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 was $104.19. Therefore, Westlake Chemical's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 0.95.

The historical rank and industry rank for Westlake Chemical's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

NYSE:WLK' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.5   Med: 1.12   Max: 2.01
Current: 0.95

0.5
2.01

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Westlake Chemical was 2.01. The lowest was 0.50. And the median was 1.12.

NYSE:WLK's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked higher than
65% of the 1163 Companies
in the Chemicals industry.

( Industry Median: 1.39 vs. NYSE:WLK: 0.95 )

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Westlake Chemical Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Westlake Chemical's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Westlake Chemical Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 30.92 73.23 72.41 48.18 44.26

Westlake Chemical Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 41.00 44.26 51.63 80.72 104.19

Competitive Comparison

For the Specialty Chemicals subindustry, Westlake Chemical's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Westlake Chemical Graham Number Distribution

For the Chemicals industry and Basic Materials sector, Westlake Chemical's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Westlake Chemical's Graham Number falls into.



Westlake Chemical Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Westlake Chemical's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2020 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*34.014*2.56)
=44.26

Westlake Chemical's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*42.067*11.47)
=104.19

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Westlake Chemical  (NYSE:WLK) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Westlake Chemical's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Sep. 2021 )
=99.27/104.19
=0.95

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Westlake Chemical Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Westlake Chemical's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Westlake Chemical Business Description

Westlake Chemical logo
Industry
Basic Materials » Chemicals NAICS : 325110 SIC : 2869
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
2801 Post Oak Boulevard, Suite 600, Houston, TX, USA, 77056
Westlake Chemical Corp is a vertically integrated manufacturer and marketer of basic chemicals, vinyls, polymers and building products. Its products are used for flexible and rigid packaging, automotive products, coatings, water treatment, refrigerants, residential and commercial construction and others. The company operates in the business segments of Olefins and Vinyls. The Olefins segment manufactures and markets polyethylene, styrene monomer and various ethylene co-products. The Vinyl segment manufactures and markets polyvinyl chloride, vinyl chloride monomer, ethylene dichloride, chlor-alkali, chlorinated derivative products, and ethylene. It sells products across the United States and around the world, of which a majority of the revenue is derived from the United States.
Executives
Sheets Jeffrey Wayne director 600 N. DAIRY ASHFORD HOUSTON TX 77079
Chao John Tsung-chen director, 10 percent owner 26 GRAMERCY PARK SOUTH, 7EF NEW YORK NY 10003
Chao David Tsung-hung director, 10 percent owner 1000 UPTOWN PARK BLVD. #34 HOUSTON TX 77056
Haas Marius director ONE DELL WAY ROUND ROCK TX 78682
Graff Michael J director 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Northcutt R Bruce director 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Jenkins Dorothy C director, 10 percent owner 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Lubel Kimberly S director P.O. BOX 696000 SAN ANTONIO TX 78269-6000
Mccollum Mark A director 3000 NORTH SAM HOUSTON PARKWAY E. HOUSTON TX 77002
Kearns Roger L. officer: EVP, Vinyls Chemicals 2801 POST OAK BLVD. HOUSTON TX 77056
Zoeller Johnathan Stevan officer: VP and CAO 2801 POST OAK BLVD. SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Ttwfgp Llc 10 percent owner 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Chao Albert director, 10 percent owner, officer: President & CEO 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Kenner Andrew officer: SVP - Chemical Manufacturing 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056
Bender Mark Steven officer: EVP and CFO 2801 POST OAK BLVD, SUITE 600 HOUSTON TX 77056

Westlake Chemical Headlines

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