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Airgas Inc  (NYSE:ARG) Gross Margin %: 57.52% (As of Mar. 2016)

Gross Margin % is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Airgas Inc's Gross Profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2016 was $744 Mil. Airgas Inc's Revenue for the three months ended in Mar. 2016 was $1,294 Mil. Therefore, Airgas Inc's Gross Margin % for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2016 was 57.52%.




Airgas Inc had a gross margin of 57.52% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2016 => Durable competitive advantage

The 5-Year average Growth Rate of Gross Margin for Airgas Inc was 0.00% per year.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Airgas Inc Annual Data

Mar07 Mar08 Mar09 Mar10 Mar11 Mar12 Mar13 Mar14 Mar15 Mar16
Gross Margin % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 54.17 55.21 55.69 55.59 56.69

Airgas Inc Quarterly Data

Jun11 Sep11 Dec11 Mar12 Jun12 Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16
Gross Margin % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 55.21 55.76 56.26 57.27 57.52

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

Gross Margin is the percentage of Gross Profit out of sales or Revenue.

Airgas Inc's Gross Margin for the fiscal year that ended in Mar. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin % (A: Mar. 2016 )=Gross Profit (A: Mar. 2016 ) / Revenue (A: Mar. 2016 )
=3012.2 / 5313.777
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(5313.777 - 2301.598) / 5313.777
=56.69 %

Airgas Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2016 is calculated as


Gross Margin % (Q: Mar. 2016 )=Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2016 ) / Revenue (Q: Mar. 2016 )
=-549.7 / 1294.084
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(1294.084 - 549.677) / 1294.084
=57.52 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin % because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin %

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Airgas Inc had a gross margin of 57.52% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2016 => Durable competitive advantage


Be Aware

If a company loses its competitive advantages, usually its gross margin declines well before its sales declines. Watching Gross Margin % and Operating Margin % closely helps avoid value trap situations.


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