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Carnival Corp  (NYSE:CCL) Gross Margin %: 45.37% (As of Aug. 2017)

Gross Margin % is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Carnival Corp's Gross Profit for the three months ended in Aug. 2017 was $2,502 Mil. Carnival Corp's Revenue for the three months ended in Aug. 2017 was $5,515 Mil. Therefore, Carnival Corp's Gross Margin % for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2017 was 45.37%.


NYSE:CCL' s Gross Margin % Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 31.13   Max: 42.75
Current: 40.63

31.13
42.75

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin % of Carnival Corp was 42.75%. The lowest was 31.13%. And the median was 37.35%.

NYSE:CCL's Gross Margin % is ranked lower than
58% of the 803 Companies
in the Global industry.

( Industry Median: 46.73 vs. NYSE:CCL: 40.63 )

Carnival Corp had a gross margin of 45.37% for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2017 => Durable competitive advantage

The 5-Year average Growth Rate of Gross Margin for Carnival Corp was 5.00% per year.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Carnival Corp Annual Data

Nov07 Nov08 Nov09 Nov10 Nov11 Nov12 Nov13 Nov14 Nov15 Nov16
Gross Margin % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 32.91 31.13 34.39 39.88 42.75

Carnival Corp Quarterly Data

Nov12 Feb13 May13 Aug13 Nov13 Feb14 May14 Aug14 Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 Feb17 May17 Aug17
Gross Margin % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 49.72 41.07 35.77 38.25 45.37

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Calculation

Gross Margin is the percentage of Gross Profit out of sales or Revenue.

Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the fiscal year that ended in Nov. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin % (A: Nov. 2016 )=Gross Profit (A: Nov. 2016 ) / Revenue (A: Nov. 2016 )
=7006 / 16389
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(16389 - 9383) / 16389
=42.75 %

Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2017 is calculated as


Gross Margin % (Q: Aug. 2017 )=Gross Profit (Q: Aug. 2017 ) / Revenue (Q: Aug. 2017 )
=-3013 / 5515
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=(5515 - 3013) / 5515
=45.37 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin % because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin %

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Carnival Corp had a gross margin of 45.37% for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2017 => Durable competitive advantage


Be Aware

If a company loses its competitive advantages, usually its gross margin declines well before its sales declines. Watching Gross Margin % and Operating Margin % closely helps avoid value trap situations.


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